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ADVENTIST LAYMEN'S FOUNDATION OF CANADA (ALF)

Publisher of the
"Watchman, What of the Night?" (WWN)
.
- 1970s
- 1980s
- 1990s
- 2000s

All the Specials and Commentaries are in the last file of the year. There are 4 files for each year: jm=Jan-Mar; aj=Apr-Jun; js-=Jul-Sep; od=Oct-Dec

WWN is a thought paper that was published monthly continuously from Jan, 1968 to the end of Dec. 2006 . by the Adventist Laymen's Foundation of Mississippi, Inc.(ALF), with William H. Grotheer as the Editor of Research & Publication.

The Nov. 1977 issue discusses "What is the "Watchman, What of the Night?"

SHORT STUDIES - William H. Grotheer -
"Another Comforter", study on the Holy Spirit
1976 a Letter and a Reply: - SDA General Conference warning against WWN.
Further Background Information on Zaire -General Conference pays Government to keep church there.
From a WWN letter to a reader: RE: Lakes of Fire - 2 lakes of fire.
Trademark of the name Seventh-day Adventist [Perez Court Case] - US District Court Case - GC of SDA vs.R. Perez, and others [Franchize of name "SDA" not to be used outside of denominational bounds.]

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Manuscripts

Interpretative History of the Doctrine of the Incarnation as Taught by the Seventh-day Adventist Church, An
- William H. Grotheer

Bible Study Guides
- William H. Grotheer

End Time Line Re-Surveyed Parts 1 & 2 - Adventist Layman's Foundation

Excerpts - Legal Documents
- EEOC vs PPPA - Adventist Laymen's Foundation

Holy Flesh Movement 1899-1901, The - William H. Grotheer

Hour and the End is Striking at You, The - William H. Grotheer

In the Form of a Slave
- William H. Grotheer

Jerusalem In Bible Prophecy
- William H. Grotheer

Key Doctrinal Comparisons - Statements of Belief 1872-1980
- William H. Grotheer

Pope Paul VI Given Gold Medallion by Adventist Church Leader
- William H. Grotheer

Sacred Trust BETRAYED!, The - William H. Grotheer

Seal of God
 - William H. Grotheer

Seventh-day Adventist Evangelical Conferences of 1955-1956
 - William H. Grotheer

SIGN of the END of TIME, The - William H. Grotheer

STEPS to ROME
- William H. Grotheer

Times of the Gentiles Fulfilled, The - A Study in Depth of Luke 21:24
- William H. Grotheer

Remembering
Elder William H. Grotheer

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BOOKS OF THE BIBLE

Song of Solomon - Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary

OTHER BOOKS, MANUSCRIPTS & ARTICLES:

Ten Commandments - as Compared in the New International Version & the King James Version & the Hebrew Interlinear

Additional Various Studies --
"Saving Faith" - Dr. E. J. Waggoner
"What is Man" The Gospel in Creation - "The Gospel in Creation"
"A Convicting Jewish Witness", study on the Godhead - David L. Cooper D.D.

Bible As History - Werner Keller

Canons of the Bible, The - Raymond A. Cutts

Daniel and the Revelation - Uriah Smith

Facts of Faith - Christian Edwardson

Individuality in Religion - Alonzo T. Jones

"Is the Bible Inspired or Expired?" - J. J. Williamson

Letters to the Churches - M. L. Andreasen

Place of the Bible In Education, The - Alonzo T. Jones

Sabbath, The - M. L. Andreasen

Sanctuary Service, The
- M. L. Andreasen

So Much In Common - WCC/SDA

Spiritual Gifts. The Great Controversy, between Christ and His Angels, and Satan and his Angels - Ellen G. White

Under Which Banner? - Jon A. Vannoy

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Due to his failing health, Elder Grotheer requested that ALF of Canada continue publishing thoughts through its website www.AdventistAlet.com which now has developed into frequent Blog Thought articles plus all of the Foundation's historical published works written and audio.

As of 2010, with the official closing of the ALF of USA , The Adventist Laymen's Foundation of Canada with its website www.Adventist Alert.com is the only officially operating ALF branch established by Elder Grotheer worldwide.

We are thankful for the historical legacy that is now available through

The Adventist Laymen's Foundation of Canada, 1526 Haultain Street,
Victoria, BC V8R 2K4 Canada

Tax deductible receipts are still given for all gifts as usual.

To Support
Donate

The MISSION of this site -- is to put the articles from the thought paper "Watchman, What of the Night?" in Essay form. It is not our purpose to copy WWN in whole.

Any portion of the thought paper may be reproduced without further permission by adding the credit line - "Reprinted from WWN, Adventist Laymen's Foundation of Canada."

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Blog Thoughts
by Raymond A. Cutts
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I Am That I Am
In Exodus 3:11-18 we find Moses standing in the presence of God at the burning bush, where he is given his commission to go and lead Israel out of Egypt. Then Moses says to God, what is the name of who sends me, and in verse 14 God says “I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.” The name of God, “I AM” is a form of the verb “to be” in English, in Hebrew is derived “Yahweh” or “ Jehovah” which indicated self existence as opposed to being created or made, like the remainder of Creation. Self-existence is where our God differs from false gods made by man’s hand. Our Savior, Jesus Christ when speaking in John 8:24, 27, and 58 brings to our attention that He is God. In verse 24 He says “if you believe not that I am he [“he” should not be there, it is a supplied word not found in the original text], ye shall die in your sins;” this says if you do not believe Christ is self-existent [not a created being] you are doomed to everlasting death. In verse 27 He says “know ye that I am he” [“he” again is a supplied word]. Then, the ultimate texts are verse 58-59 where the Jews take up stones to kill Jesus for “blasphemy” [making himself, a man to be God], He said “Before Abraham was I am.” They did not understand the oneness of God or the God-head, for in Genesis 1:1, the very first verse of the Bible, says “In the beginning God created,” where the word “God” in Hebrew is “elohim” the plural form of the word “el” – God. Paul in Hebrews 13:8 says of Jesus “Jesus Christ the same yesterday [in heaven], and today [present with man], and forever [in eternity].” Finally, in Revelation 1:8 Jesus reveals of Himself to John “I am the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and is to come, the Almighty.” Jesus Christ the “I AM THAT I AM” – “Jehovah.”

A Thought Concept on Armageddon
The Battle of Armageddon in Revelation 16:14 is actually “the Battle of the Great Day of God Almighty,” and verse 16 tells us “the spirits of devils” gather the earthly leaders to the “place called … Armageddon.” These deceptive “spirits of devils” symbolized as “frogs” deceive their prey by use of their tongues, as in false sermons and speeches, etc. The battle at Armageddon is the final battle of the war which found its beginning in Eden where the Devil deceived our first parents, recorded in Genesis 3:1 “the serpent [the Devil or Satan] was more subtil … said to the woman, [the first earthly lie] hath not God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?” And, the beginning battle of this war on earth is recorded in Genesis 3:15 “it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.” The fight goes on and the deceptions go on, and only the spiritually alive saints will survive. The heart of the plan of Lucifer [the Devil or Satan] to win the last battle of the great day of God Almighty is revealed in Isaiah 14:12-14; “How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer … thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God [above, higher than God], I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.” The Devil’s intent is to be above God, sitting on the “mount of the congregation in the sides of the north.” Psalms 48:2 says “Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King.” This is the New Jerusalem, and Satan intends to rule there. Satan has come down to earth with his angelic power, signs, deceptions and lying wonders being performed from pulpits within churches today, which are his main targets. Only those who have a full knowledge of God’s truth will be able to see through this grand deception. This is war, and Armageddon is ahead.

Fruitage of the Social Gospel
Compromise is always the easy way and much more comfortable, which is fine in the social day to day affairs, but never in regard to your spirituality. We enjoy too much the ease of the comfortable pew and do not want to move out of it. But this is not what God requires of us, as He said through John in the warning to the church of Laodicea in Revelation 3:15-17 “I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would that thou wert cold or hot. So then because thou art lukewarm … I will spue thee out of my mouth.” The social gospel is completely made up of compromising, lukewarm so-called Christianity, the same as the Jews in Isaiah’s time, with the cry from God coming in Isaiah 1:21 “How is the faithful city become an harlot.” In prophecy, “a woman” represents a spiritual group, a pure woman is a church faithful to God, a “harlot” or unfaithful woman is a church that is lax and compromising in the spiritual details of God. God pleads with this type of Christian, in Isaiah 1:18-19 “Come now, and let us reason together, saith the Lord: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be white [pure] as snow;” but this can only come about by a revival, and the big word is “if,” “If ye be willing and obedient.” What is needed is willing obedience to the commands of God through a spiritual revival. We hear the term “Revival” regularly in church groups, but for a revival to come about, you must take a good long look at yourself, and admit openly, that spiritually, you are dead. The experience of Israel illustrated here in Isaiah shows just how deep man can stoop in compromises in his religious experience, and a departure from the righteousness God requires. A lukewarm, compromising and comfortable religious experience will never lead you through to heaven; so, call in God’s Spirit, His emergency revival unit, to bring you back from death to life.

Cyrus Mentioned By Name
It is utterly remarkable that in the Bible prophecy of Isaiah chapters 44 and 45 the exact name of Cyrus [future king of Persia] is twice mentioned, and this prophecy is predicted about one and a half centuries prior to its fulfillment. The prophecy is regarding the rebuilding of Jerusalem and the Temple after its utter destruction by Nebuchadnezzar and the 70 years of captivity of Israel in Babylon. Isaiah writes as told by God in Isaiah 44:28 “Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.” Here is a pagan king used as an instrument of God; but this is not the first time God has used pagan rulers to his purpose, stories such as Pharaoh of Egypt and Joseph, and Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel. God’s people were treated favorably in these instances, and Cyrus made the first of three decrees to rebuild Jerusalem and the Temple. Also, in Isaiah 45:1, 4 and 13 it says “Thus saith the Lord to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him,” “I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me,” and “he shall build my city, and he shall let go my captives, not for price or reward.” Can you just imagine the astonishment of Cyrus at being shown in Jewish prophecy that over a hundred years before his birth the God of Heaven wrote his surname, his accomplishments and wrote them down to fine details such as written in Isaiah 44:27 “saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers.” The drying up of the river that ran through the center of Babylon, by diverting it, so that Cyrus could enter and subdue the city. This is the only way he could get into that extremely fortified city, in fact, king Belshazzar, Nebuchadnezzar’s grandson, partied the night of the invasion, even though the city was surrounded, showing how secure he felt. But God had other plans. Nostradamus, Edgar Casey and Jean Dixon all put together can not come close to the exact predictions in God’s prophecies, His prophecies are 100 percent correct to the detail. Fulfilled prophecy is a sure way to prove God and know for certain that everything He says is correct, even to His rewards to come.

King of Tyre or Satan?
In Ezekiel 28 God relates a story, but is He speaking about the King of Tyre or Lucifer, as Satan was called in heaven? The history of this is found in Ezekiel 28:11-19; verse 12 says “take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyre,” however the following verses show definitely that the imagery presented goes far beyond the local problems of the King, back to the root of sin with Lucifer [Satan] in heaven, as told in Isaiah 14:12 “how art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning.” Now going forward in Ezekiel 28:12, of Lucifer he says he was “full of wisdom, and full of beauty;” this is shown in how Satan came to tempt Christ, Matthew 4, he was very wise in his deceptions and came as a beautiful angel. The common misconception about the appearance of Lucifer is a horrid looking, red colored, horned head and tailed person; if this is what we are to expect, people could not be tricked. Then, verse 13 says “thou hast been in Eden the garden of God,” the King of Tyre was not there but Lucifer [the Devil] surely was there tempting Adam and Eve. In the sanctuary service, in the holiest place in the temple was the Ark of the Covenant, on the lid of which were two Covering Cherubs [the highest ranked and order of angels] over the Mercy Seat of God’s presence. In heaven now, these two cherubs are Michael and Gabriel, but back then, it was Michael and Lucifer as said in verse 14 “thou art the anointed cherub that covereth … upon the holy mountain of God.” Going on in verses 15-16 God says of Lucifer, “Thou wast perfect … till iniquity was found in thee … I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee.” And then finally in verse 18 He says “I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth.” So, what is brought to view from all this is that this despot, the King of Tyre, lamented upon by God, was none other than Lucifer, the Devil himself on the throne as a man; an angel in human form. God knew who he really was on that throne. Jesus knew who it really was when he was tempted in the wilderness, he recognized Satan [Lucifer] right away, especially when he twisted the Scriptures to suit himself; this is done regularly in Christian churches today. Study for yourself with God’s Spirit as your guide, not another man, and know truth for yourself.
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Babylon Is Fallen – Come Out!
Revelation 18 gives warning to the true followers of God to remove themselves from the midst of apostasy. In 18:2 the angel cries out “Babylon the great is fallen,” and then in 18:4 another voice from heaven says to God’s people “Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, that ye receive not of her plagues.” So those in Babylon will be one of the groups receiving the last plagues of God immediately prior to Christ’s return and be lost evermore. But, what is Babylon and what is her make-up? First, Babylon is a term representing spiritual “confusion” and secondly, the make-up of Babylon is, and what constitutes her, are all false church systems, the papacy being the “mother” and false apostate Protestantism the harlot daughters, as brought forward in 17:5. This is the message for God’s true followers now, ones who are still worshipping within these apostate systems, “come out of her my people,” for your own safety. But, Babylon, itself as great as it is, is yet a part of a still greater triumvirate made up of the dragon, the beast and the false prophet as shown in Revelation 16:13-14 “I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For they are spirits of devils working miracles.” And all the falsehood will be perpetrated in the name of Christ, as Christ Himself told us in Matthew 7:22-23 “many [not some or few] will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works. And then I will profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me ye that work iniquity.” The track of truth and the track of iniquity run side by side and it is hard to tell the difference, but each ends in a different station, one in heaven the other hell. On which track are you running; only the Law of God tells the difference. The habit of frogs is to catch their prey by their tongues, and what do these tongues say to you? Isaiah 8:20 says regarding this “To the law [God’s Ten Commandments] and to the testimony [Old and New Testament]: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.” “No light” from God for you from these apostate preachers, Come Out!

God With Us
What God really is, can only be revealed to us through Christ and by Christ abiding in us, and this is our only hope of being glorified in the end; as said in Colossians 1:27 “God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.” This is the only way to attain glory before God, having Christ in you working His will, molding and transforming you into a re-created being. However, it is one thing to know that God exists, the Devil knows who God is, but it is yet another thing to have a full knowledge of what He is. In Exodus chapter 3 Moses is instructed by God at the burning bush, and in verse 13-14 he asks God who shall I say is sending me, God says, tell Israel “I AM hath sent me to you;” but previously in verse 13 God gives his full name “I AM THAT I AM.” Thus God is saying we must not only believe who He is, the self existent One, but what He is, He is our Rewarder; as said in Hebrews 11:6 “he that cometh to God must believe that He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek Him.” The reward is our redemption to heaven in His adopting us, as brothers and sisters of Christ, into His family, therefore making us joint heirs with Christ. The reward of eternal life comes only, as said in Matthew 19:17 “if thou wilt enter into life [eternal life], keep the commandments.” Through the Law of God, his ten commandments, we come to a knowledge of God’s existence, and in the fourth Command the acknowledgement of God as our Creator, then, as said in Ezekiel 20:12 “I gave them my Sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them,” the sign is the sanctifying mark for our final reward, heaven. Just as told about heaven in Isaiah 66:22-23 “as the new heavens and the new earth, which I shall make … from one Sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the Lord.” And all this is only through Christ working in and through us, as Paul relates in 2 Corinthians 5:19-20 “God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself … that we might be made the righteousness of God in him,” that active word is “in,” Him “in” us. So, what God is, - He is our Creator and Redeemer.

Three Heavens?
Are there three heavens or three heavenly stages to attain to the highest, third heaven, as some believe? What does this mean? There must be three heavens, because Paul speaks of the third heaven in 2 Corinthians 12:2 “I knew a man in Christ [a Christian] … such a one caught up to the third heaven;” then in verse 4 he says where or what this third heaven is, “he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words.” This man was “caught up” to the “paradise” of God, the “third heaven,” where he was given an unspeakable prophetic vision. So, when Paul refers to the “third heaven” he is speaking of the dwelling place of God, or “paradise,” but is he calling it the third as a stage or step in closeness to God? Paul did understand three heavens, but not in stages of human glorification. He understood the first heaven – atmospheric; second heaven – astronomic; and third heaven – the dwelling of God. Looking at each through the Bible, first the atmospheric heaven is the air we breathe, where the birds fly, from where rain falls and wind blows; see texts such as Genesis 1:20; 7:11; Deuteronomy 11:11 and Daniel 8:8. Secondly, the astronomic heaven is the starry heavens of space with the sun, moon and planetary systems in their orbits established by God; see texts like Genesis 1:14, 16-17; Isaiah 13:10; Joel 2:30-31 and Matthew 24:29. Now, finally the third heaven, the home dwelling place of God, referred to often by Christ when speaking of His Father, where Christ came from initially on becoming a man, where He was taken back to after His death here on earth, and finally where the saints of God will be taken to at the end of all things; see texts such as 1 Kings 8:30, 39; Psalms 102:19; Matthew 5:16; John 3:13; Hebrews 9:24; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 and Revelation 21:1-7. To avoid adopting false theories of man, it is of the greatest import that as said in 2 Timothy 2:15 that in truly understanding the Bible, we are “rightly dividing the word of truth”.

A Hindrance To God’s Cause, Church Traditions!
So many precious souls are sacrificed on the altar of “church tradition” by ministers who blind themselves as slaves to many fallacies of church traditions that directly contradict God’s Word. And when these ministers are asked by sincere people for an answer and direction in these situations, they point to church tradition as the obvious correct way to follow, not “The Way;” as Jesus said “I am the way, the truth and the light” to follow. In this attitude, these ministers, as supposed watchmen on the walls of Zion, are giving the warning trumpet an uncertain sound; in making of none affect the Word of God. These Bible contradictory traditions are relics of paganism introduced into the early papal church, sprinkled with “holy water” and pronounced “Christian,” and then entered as church tradition. A couple of obvious church traditions contrary to the Bible are: Christ’s day of birth – a quick study of the Word of God shows that it cannot be December 25, this is a pagan day of celebration for the birth of the son of the sun god: Easter day – is approximately correct for the resurrection of Christ, but is also the time of worship of Ishtar the goddess of fertility including such rites as egg painting, bowing east to the rising sun, etc; and the most blatant of all is the substitution of Sunday [the day of worshipping the sun god in Mithraism] for God’s true day of worship, Saturday, His Sabbath. These are but a few church traditions taken directly from paganism. Jesus had the same confrontation with the church ministry or priesthood of His day with regard to traditions of men, as told in Matthew 15:3-9 “why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?” “ye have made the commandment of God none effect by your tradition,” “in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrine the commandments of men;” He says, you worship in vain when following these traditions. Now, looking at the Reformation churches from popery, Alexander Campbell in his “On Baptism” page 15 says “reformation of popery was attempted in Europe …. All of them retain in their bosom – in their ecclesiastical organizations … various relics of popery… reformations only in part… traditions of men yet impair the power and progress of the gospel.” God forbid that we continue this!
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Three Phases of Rome
In looking biblically through the history of the Roman Empire we generally divide it into two phases, first the pagan, under the Caesars, then secondly papal, under the popes. However, in a closer look, there is an additional phase in the middle; this is brought forward in a closer look at the book of Revelation in chapter 17. Revelation 17:8-9 says“they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is. And here is the mind that hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth.” The “woman” is represented as a religious power and her headquarters situated on “seven mountains” or the Seven Hills of Rome. We know from the description in previous verses that this is a power that persecutes the true followers of Jesus. Now the phases are brought out in the terms “was,” “is not” and “yet is.” The first phase, Rome in its pagan form persecuted God’s people dreadfully all throughout its history, - the beast that “was” a beast. The second phase is a transition from fully pagan Rome to a falsely called Christian Rome, because of all the compromises made to convert the pagans to Christianity. It was for a brief period of laxness in its persecuting character – the beast that “is not” a beast. Then, to the third phase which is the passing into fully papal Rome under the popes, with the resumption of the blood-thirsty and oppressive persecutions, and constituted the beast that “yet is” a beast again. This third period of Rome continued on until its climax in 1798 A.D. [the end of the 1260 day/year prophecy of Revelation12] with papal Rome’s loss of power when the pope was taken captive and there died in captivity under the French occupation of Napoleon’s forces. But, the power of papal Rome soon afterward had its resurgence [the deadly wound was healed – Revelation 13:3] and stands as it is today, back as the head of so-called Christianity, with all eyes looking to Rome for world-problems and spiritual answers.

Confusion in the Gift of Tongues
The “Gifts of the Spirit” are listed and ranked by importance as found in 1 Corinthians 12:28 “first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healing, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.” Then in verses 29-31 Paul asks the big questions with the obvious answers of, No, which is, “are all apostles? …do all speak with tongues?” then he says we should “covet the best gifts.” In the church today there is much confusion and falsity concerning the gifts presented, and one in particular, which Satan is having a field-day with; it is that of speaking in tongues. Let us look at it. First of all, the Concordance shows that throughout the entire New Testament there are three Greek words used for the word tongues, “glossa”- meaning a language or tongue; “heteroglossos” – meaning a man of another tongue, or a foreigner; “dialektos” – meaning a mode of discourse as in a dialect of a spoken language. In all cases they refer to a specific dialect of spoken language, not a confused babbling or gibberish. Secondly, in 1 Corinthians 14:3, 4 and 22-23 Paul states “he that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification,” “he that speaketh in an unknown tongue edifieth himself,” and then concludes, “wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe … prophesying serveth … for them which believe,” “if therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in those that are unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say ye are mad?” Thirdly, at Pentecost when all were given the gift of tongues, God had a specific work to be done, and the primary way to accomplish it was with that one particular gift. At Pentecost, Jews made the pilgrimage to Jerusalem from all parts of the world, speaking in the native language of their home country; the only way for Jesus’ followers to communicate the gospel was to have the gift of tongues to speak and be heard in all these particular languages. The gift of tongues was directly used for the preaching of the gospel outside of the confines of the church congregation. In God’s economy every gift has its specific use.

Christ, Jacob’s Ladder
Genesis 27 – 32 tells the story of Jacob, the brother of Esau, one of the two sons of Isaac and Rebekah, in the dispute over the birthright, and the flight of Jacob from the fury of his brother. In Jacob’s fearful flight he found himself for the first time alone and exposed in the wilderness to many dangers. On the second night he found himself at the place he afterward called Bethel [the house of God], after praying fervently to God for forgiveness of his sins, he rested and slept; and in Genesis 28:12 while sleeping “he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.” Then, God said in verse 15 “I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places wither thou goest,” he was assured God’s forgiveness. In Jacob’s seemingly simple vision, he was in that short time shown by God His complete plan for the salvation and redemption of all mankind. God’s plan of redemption shows through the vision that the ladder represents Christ, the bridge of steps connecting earth and heaven, God and man, through our only Mediator and Priest, Jesus Christ. The angels going up and down are the ministering messengers of God, who without Christ intervening could have no communion with fallen man. The most important thing in this vision is that the ladder spanned completely from heaven fully touching the ground making a complete connection. There is no gap; Christ reached all the way, showing that there is no person or priest needed to fill in a gap in the mediating process, Christ did it all. He is the only mediator between God and man; as it says in 1 Timothy 2:5 “there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” Jesus is the only one person who could make the span as mediator because He is fully God and fully man. The vision of the ladder is what explained the plan of redemption to Jacob, and now to you.

Faces Toward the East
In Ezekiel chapter 8 God gives His prophet a vision of the apostasy going on within the priestly ministry of His Sanctuary or Temple. In verse 10 He shows “abominable beasts and all the idols of the house of Israel,” then in verse 14 He shows “women weeping for Tammuz” [son of the Sun god]. Finally, in verse 16 the climax of all abominations before God is witnessed of the priesthood, “at the door of the temple of the Lord, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the Lord, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.” We see they had their backs toward the altar of God and were worshipping the Sun god, the highest deity in all pagan worship. They were professing true worship within the temple but compromising truth with error and teaching others to do the same. Do we not also regularly flirt with paganism within the church today? Our Easter services, supposedly worshipping the true Son of Righteousness at His rising from the grave, we bow to the east and worship the rising Sun [Sun god]. And then sing the old hymn “Let Us Break Bread Together On Our Knees” with the lyrics carrying on “with our face to the rising sun.” How blasphemous can we be to God? Notice in the construction the true tabernacle of God, in both the one by Moses in the wilderness and the construction of Solomon’s Temple, the alter was in the west end, when facing God’s true altar you had your back to the rising sun and faced west, not east as in paganism. These subtle differences lead down the fine line between truth and error, between church traditions and Bible truth! On what side are you, as Joshua challenges in 24:15 “choose you this day whom ye will serve … as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.”

Bodily Sanctum Sanctorum
In 1 Corinthians 6:19 Paul states “know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost;” so, if we are true children of Christ, we are the “sanctum sanctorum,” the Most Holy, the holy dwelling place of God. And Paul again says in 2 Corinthians 6:16 “ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them” [see also Romans 8:9; Ephesians 3:17; 1 John 4:13]. This is the mystery Paul spoke of in Colossians 1:27 in saying “the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory … that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus.” The emphasis is on the word “in”- as “within” the heart of your body, as part of your converted, re-created person. We are told to glorify God in our body [1 Corinthians 6:20], and also a warning comes in 1 Corinthians 3:17 “If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.” Defile the temple, how is this done? At the heart of the temple or sanctuary, is housed the Law of God, it is the written transcript of His character; Christ is the embodiment of God’s Law and our example to follow. Trampling down, in any point, His written character is to defile His sanctuary. In the heart of the sanctuary, in the Ark in the Most Holy Place, is where The Law rested, showing to the people the utter reverence God expected to be shown to it. This today is where God expects His Law to be placed, in the heart or mind of our bodily “sanctum sanctorum” of God.
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Ten Virgins at Midnight
In Matthew 25:1-13 Jesus tells a parable of ten virgins who were part of a wedding party and whose responsibility was, with their lamps lighted show the straight and narrow path for the bride groom. The whole parable is symbolism of the state of earth’s readiness just prior to Christ’s second coming in power and glory. The midnight cry is a warning message, a wakeup call to God’s people. The “virgins” are obviously a select group, for the term “virgin” indicated purity of religion and faith before God. The “cry” at “midnight” is the wakeup call preparing them to enter into the presence of God with Christ, the “bride groom.” The “oil” in the lamps is the presence of the Holy Spirit on their persons, without the Holy Spirit with them they were not ready to enter into the presence of God. In verse 13 Jesus says we are to “watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh,” also Matthew 24:36 He says “that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.” It is of necessity that you be in a state of spiritual readiness at all times, in a state of grace, which is Christ in you; and the false concept of “once saved always saved” is shown here in this parable. For the “virgins” were all pure in faith, but five were in full readiness and prepared when the “cry” came at midnight, whereas the other five were not prepared and had fallen out of grace. The other virgins could not help them to refill them with the oil of the Holy Spirit, and while they went off to look for more oil, the time for the closing of the door came, the “door was shut,” it was too late. When they arrived back to the shut door, they knocked and said in verse 11 and 12 “Lord, Lord, open unto us. But he answered and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you not.” They were lost! It is only when a crisis comes that man’s true character is revealed, we see here that when the “cry” was made, though the virgins slumbered, it is seen who were truly prepared for the event, and who were not, even though they, in their purity, all had knowledge of the truth. Be ever prepared for your eternal destiny is at stake!

One Law of God, or Two?
In Romans chapters 7 and 8 Paul gives a discourse on the Ten Commandment Law and how we are to function within its bounds as Christians. Many Christians believe from this that we are no longer under The Law but under the Grace of God; this is misunderstood by incorrectly reading Romans 7:6 where it says “now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.” This way of thinking is a partial truth and very dangerous. For, if you do away with The Law, you have done away with Sin because the definition of Sin is directly tied to The Law as said in 1 John 3:4 “sin is transgression of the law.” In Romans 7:12 Paul states “the law is holy … just and good,” and in Romans 7:7 “I had not known sin but by the law.” Now, all will admit Sin is still in the world, so, therefore the Law of God is still in effect and Christians must deal with it. But, in Romans 7:23 Paul says “I see another law,” and in 7:25 “with the mind I serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin” [the same thinking is related in Romans 8:2]. So, are there two laws, or one law viewed from two opposing perspectives? It is comparable to looking at the Traffic Law, if you drive your vehicle in a safe and respectful manner, the law is a safety net to protect and save you [the law of the Spirit of life]. But if you speed, make illegal turns or cut off pedestrians, you are open to be punished and the law is the justice system [the law of sin and death]. However, in either illustration, do you do away with the Traffic Law? No, that is ridiculous to think of. It is the same with God. Our example to live in accordance with the Law of God is found in Roman 8:3 and 4 “what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son … condemned sin in the flesh [as a man He obeyed the Law of God]: that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us [Christian conversion, Christ living in you and working through you].” And, in Romans 8:29 we become “conformed to the image of His Son.”

Man of Lawlessness
In 2 Thessalonians 2:3 it says “that man of sin be revealed,” sin being lawlessness. And “sin” is defined by the beloved disciple John in 1 John 3:4 “sin is transgression of the law,” and goes on in verse 22 by giving the prerequisite for Christ answering our prayers, saying “whatsoever we receive of him, because we keep his commandments.” Jesus said in breaking one commandment you have broken all, “the law” is one entity [see James 2:10 and Matthew 5:19]; therefore the terms “sin” and “lawlessness” can involve the breaking of just one commandment. The “man of sin” can, and I believe does, refer to the head of an organization or religion. Paul, in 2 Thessalonians 2:4 says of this power “opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God…so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God,” which is “blasphemy” [pretending to be God]. In this, Paul is talking future, but in verse 7 he says it is already underway “For the mystery of iniquity doeth already work; “iniquity” defined is – violation of law. Mithraism, the mystery religion of Indo-Iranian descent was the major religion which had taken over the majority of the Roman Empire at Paul’s time and had many similarities to Christianity, one supreme deity [the sun], baptism, a communal meal of bread and wine and belief in the final immortality of man in heaven. Most pagan religions worshipped the sun as the highest deity, but not on a weekly basis, but according to a letter dated Nov. 21, 1923 from the Smithsonian Institute, they stated that “The devotees of Mithra held Sunday sacred … but we have not knowledge how they observed that day … It became the religion especially of the Roman army;” also in the book “The Mysteries of Mitha” by Dr. F. Cumont on page 167 he says “Each day of the week … was sacred …and Sunday, over which the sun presided, was especially holy.” At the time of Constantine many of the pagan mysteries of Mithaism were adopted into the church as a means of easy conversion to Christianity. But is it truly Christianity or paganism sprinkled with holy water? However, as touching the heart of God’s Law, Sunday replaced Saturday, the Sabbath of God.

Naked Before God
In Revelation 16:15, during the sixth of the seven last plagues, Jesus says “Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.” In the Bible “nakedness” and “shame” go together; therefore, to “see his shame,” is to see that you have surrendered your faith in God, and stand naked without His robe of His righteousness to cloth you. Christians must never relax their vigilance, and be ever alert to the deceptions Satan presents regularly, especially from within the church, Satan’s main target. A similar message is presented in the messages to the seven churches in Revelation chapters 2 and 3. Look at the part of the message to Laodicea in Revelation 3:17-18 “knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked” and if repentant God gives to each man individually “white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear.” The individuality of this is realized in verse 20 where Jesus is standing outside of the church, as a whole, saying “I stand at the door and knock: if any man [not men] hear my voice…I will come in to him [not them].” This nakedness before God is shown at the beginning in the Garden of Eden in Genesis, where Adam and Eve after compromising their faith in God to supply all, turned to Satan seeking outside knowledge. They were clothed with God’s robe of righteousness, but lost it in falling to temptation and Adam forfeited his dominion of earth to Satan. Genesis 3:7 says “the eyes of them were opened and they knew they were naked,” and in verse 10 the new feeling of fear was introduced to man, “I was afraid, because I was naked;” this brought shame to man and also the guilt of disobedience. They could not in this state of nakedness meet openly, eye to eye, with God and holy angels. Is it any different for us today? Yes, in that Satan’s temptations are greater and his deceptions are more numerous by his false prophets. In closing read Genesis 4:7 “If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted, and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door.”
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Spiritual Death of Christianity, Why?
After the church went through the Dark Ages, a Reformation began within, which commenced about 1517 A.D. ushering in a new period of Christian growth. In Bible prophecy this is brought forth by Christ in the representation of the church of Sardis, in Revelation 3:1-6, which is part of the messages to the seven churches [denoting seven time periods in church history]. The church at the time of the Reformation is here condemned by God, as said in Revelation 3:2-3 “I have not found thy works perfect before God. Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent.” Condemned but not without hope! The situation in the church was bad, the people including the majority of the clergy had poor knowledge of the Scripture, just as Jesus said in Revelation 3:1 “I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and are dead;” they are Christian in name only, but not knowing God and His Word, they are spiritually dead. The church was riddled with “traditions of men” superseding the Word of God, and the common person denied the Bible; the time was ripe for repentance in the form of the Reformation. God’s Word was then opened to the common man. The same type of situation is happening within the church today, not so much in being denied the Scripture, but laxness of common people [the comfortable pew] allowing leadership to dictate doctrine without any challenge to their theories. This was the same cause of virtual spiritual death of the church of Sardis [at the beginning of the Reformation], it all came down to neglect of individual study and knowledge of God’s Word. Remember 2 Timothy 2:15 “study to show thyself [individually] approved unto God;” it is a personal thing between you and God. Lacking knowledge of His Word is starvation of the Bread of Life, the spiritual food necessary for individual readiness for salvation.

“Promissory Notes” From God
The promises of God are like “promissory notes” issued to “whosoever will” may ask for His blessings, the amount of which can never be fully received because God, as said in Ephesians 3:20 “is able to do exceeding abundantly above all we ask or think.” This is how man, here on earth, is able to partake of the divine nature in his human nature, for this is one of God’s promises to those who obey Him, as said 2 Peter 1:4 “whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature.” This is our conversion experience, the re-birth or re-creation of us, and this promise of God is wherein lies the power to overcome sin, by taking of the divine nature of Christ within us, through Christ in us the only hope of our being glorified, as stated in Colossians 1:27 “Christ in you the hope of glory.” This power to transform is also witnessed in the promise to Abraham of a son by Sarah; the birth of Isaac was a miracle of God in the revival of the aged womb of the old woman, Sarah. It was by her faith in God’s promise, as said in Hebrews 11:11 “through faith Sarah herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised.” It is wrong for us, as Christians, to attempt moving forward by putting forth our own efforts to be righteous before God, nothing we do can gain righteousness; it is only through belief in the promises of God, that righteousness will be imputed [as a gift] to us by Christ working in and through us. The power is in the promises of God, His “promissory notes.”

Found Wanting
In every circumstance God wants His follower to trust His judgments and decisions. When looking for answers to our prayers God can answer in one of three ways, “Yes,” “No” or “Not right now, you are not ready to receive it.” We as human beings desperately try to understand the ways of God, which we cannot do. Pride and vanity sometimes get in the way in our assumptive attitude of doing things for God. This is dangerous! We are to wait upon God for our answers. Such was the case with King Saul on many occasions; which was the reason for his being “Found Wanting” in the eyes of God. This can be read in I Samuel 13, where he ordered and made the offering to God as if he were the priest. This ended in his being rebuked by God through the prophet Samuel. 1 Samuel 13:13-14 "Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast not kept the commandment of the Lord thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the Lord have esatblished thy kingdom upon Israel for ever. But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the Lord hath sought him a man after his own heart ... because thou hast not kept that which the Lord commanded thee." God does not change in his ways of dealing with man as He said in Malachi 3:6 "I am the Lord, I change not." Presumption, vanity and assuming we know what God wants; by such, we walk on dangerous ground. Let us not be "found wanting."

Justification, The Law Incarnate In Christ
The word “incarnate” means – in the human form; therefore Christ took upon Himself God’s Law in His humanity, as our example to follow. At our acceptance of this principle [conversion], Christ taught that we become justified, in other words we choose to follow in obedience to God’s Law by our faith. What we have done here, is explained in Psalms 51:10 where David pleads in asking God to re-created him and inviting God to take control of his life, “Create in me a clean heart O God; and renew a right spirit within me.” This is living God’s Law by allowing the Spirit of God to control your thought patterns - justification, becoming just or in the right [righteous] before God. Paul in his discourse to the Romans in 1:17 says “the just shall live by faith” [this he took from Habakkuk 2:4] which is “the righteousness of God revealed [in us] from faith to faith;” it is only by our faith in God, as said in Philippians 2:13 “for it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.” This is how we, as Christ’s followers, overcome the world of sin. For, in God’s eyes, without having the indwelling of His Spirit we are dead to truth, as said in Romans 3:10 “there is none righteous, no, not one.” And Romans 3:20, 23-24 “by the deeds of the laws shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin,” [some try to do away with the law which, if done does away with sin in the world]; “all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; being justified freely by his grace [through our faith] through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.” So, when Christ gives us His righteousness, it takes away sin [justification], and then by our faith, He leaves his righteousness with us; that is what makes the radical change in us in re-creating in us a new being dedicated to the service of God [sanctification].
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The Sanctuary Teaches It All!
God’s full plan of salvation for all mankind is taught in the Sanctuary, for the nation of Israel first, then at Christ’s sacrificial death on the cross, the first sanctuary system ended and was transferred back to Heaven, where Christ ministers for us as our only priest interceding between us and God. The Heavenly Sanctuary is referred to also as the True Tabernacle, as read of Christ in Hebrews 8:2 “a minister of the sanctuary, and the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.” The original tabernacle on earth was an exact pattern of the heavenly, as we see in Hebrews 8:5 “See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount,” this referring back to Exodus 25:40 to Moses. In Revelation chapter 1, John in vision was ushered into the heavenly tabernacle by Christ and shown its layout, the seven candlesticks – “seven lamps of fire burning before the throne”, the golden altar with a golden censer offering incense and the Ark of His testament; all this is recognized relating to the sanctuary at the time of Moses. But, in all of this ceremonial ritual taught in this school of God, the first and the final lesson for our eternal salvation comes down to what is said by Solomon in Ecclesiastes 12:13 “hear the conclusion of the whole matter [God’s full plan of salvation for man]: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man.” That is why, the most sacred article in the entire Sanctuary is the eternal Law of Ten Commandments housed within the Ark of the Covenant or His Testimony. A complete understanding of the importance and sacredness of God’s Law is essential for us to attain the holy character [attained by Christ working through us] needed to see Heaven. Study the Sanctuary services and realize Christ in all.

Chronology of the Seven Last Plagues
In chapters 15 and 16 of Revelation we find John describing the coming manifestation of the seven last plagues. In 15:1 it says “I saw another sign in heaven … seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.” And verses 15:7-8 says “the four beasts gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of God … no man was able to enter into the temple [in heaven], till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled [indicating Christ’s mediating ministry as High Priest for man was closed or ended]. Christ at this point in time has sealed the righteous saints, and no longer mediates for man, mercy has ceased, and He pleads no more in holding back the vengeance of God. The plagues are reserved for those who, as said in 16:2 “fell … upon the men which had the mark of the beast and upon them which worshiped his image.” Some Bible readers prefer to think that these plagues spoken of are just symbolic, or things in past history, also some try to break up of the plagues into different time periods in past history; but a brief examination of Scripture will settle the contentions. First, the plagues are poured out upon those who have the mark of the beast and worship his image, indicating end-time prophecies, for the forming of the image to the beast is still in its last stages. Second, the plagues fall after the closing of the work in the sanctuary of heaven, when the class previously spoken of has finally and completely rejected God’s last warnings. So, we are here describing the final judgments of God, immediately prior to Christ’s second coming. These plagues are “the wine of the wrath of God” that is threatened by the third angel of Revelation 14:10 and 15:1. Thirdly, as to breaking up the plagues into different past time periods, sometimes separated by many generations, just a quick look at the fifth plague shows the fallacy of this theory. The plagues are all sequential, and fall upon one generation of man, looking at the fifth plague for instance, this generation blasphemes God because of the plague of sores, but the sores came as a result of the first plague that was poured out. Fearful are these happenings to come and we need to know fully where we stand in the eyes of God.

In The Spirit On The Lord’s Day
Revelation 1:10 says of John, “I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day;” what does it mean, or which day is he speaking of? There are three theories presented to explain this, of which two are very plausible the other cannot be supported by scripture at all. First, in the Greek the term is “kuriake” [belonging to God] and “hemera” [time period as in a 24 hour day]. During the time of Constantine, a new church tradition was established and no Scriptural documentation can substantiate it; Sunday [the first day of the week] was taken from Mithraism as their holy day. Second, the terms “day of the Lord,” “Lord’s day” or “day of Jesus Christ” in eight cases in the New Testament all refer to this time period as the day of God’s final judgment of the world, these texts are Acts 2:20; 1 Corinthians 1:8, 5:5; 2 Corinthians 1:13-14; Philippians 1:6 and 10; 2 Peter 3:10 and 12. The ninth text is Revelation 1:10 “in the Spirit on the Lord’s day,” is it also referring to the day of God’s judgment? Going on to Revelation 4:1-2 John “looked, and behold a door was open in heaven … [a voice said] I will show thee things which must be hereafter [future events],” and some events were future judgment scenes. Therefore this text also could be referring the day of our Lord’s judgment. But, there is a third theory which also makes very much sense, it is the fact that John, as did all the early Christians, following the custom of Jesus, kept the Sabbath on the seventh day of the week, Saturday; and as Jesus himself said in Mark 2:28 “the Son of man is Lord also of the Sabbath,” the Lord’s day. For Jesus to make a special visit to John, the beloved disciple, on God’s Holy day of rest, the Sabbath, and reveal this most cherished Revelation, is, I feel, the most plausible explanation of this text.
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Receive the Holy Spirit!
For a Christian, the receiving of the Holy Spirit is paramount to being ready for having eternal salvation. After Jesus’ resurrection he met with His disciples, with the exception of Thomas, and in John 20:21-22 Jesus said to them “as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you ... and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost.” Also, in Acts 1:8 Jesus said “ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you;” which means God’s power to overcome sin, and truly do anything in God’s name, we must have the infilling of His Spirit. But we must be aware that Satan has his counterfeits, just as when Jesus was in the wilderness and Satan came tempting Him as an angel of God; the same temptations if given to a common man would seem so wonderful in receiving things such as praise, adoration and worldly royal powers. How did Christ know the difference? He implicitly followed God’s Word, and because of this, was full of the Spirit and able to discern truth from error, even when the counterfeit was so close to the real. Jesus told us in John 14:14 and 16 “whatsoever ye shall ask in my name I will do” and “I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter [His Holy Spirit].” However, the same prerequisite that Christ had for the reception of the Holy Spirit in His life, is identically the same for us to receive the Holy Spirit today; it is found in the verse tucked between the two verses cited above, verse 15 “If you love me, keep my commandments,” and going down to verse 21 “He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him [in the receipt of His Spirit].” Then in verse 23 Jesus said “if a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.” This is what we need; the God-head fully abiding in us; but as said above, beware of the counterfeits which are everywhere.

God’s Missionary Societies
The Jews, or Israel, were called by God on the 14th day of the First month, 1491 B.C.; the calling is recorded in Exodus 4:22-23 “Thus saith the Lord, Israel is My son, even My first-born … Let My son go [speaking to Pharaoh of Egypt], that he may serve Me.” This calling to Israel was God preparing this selected group of people to a specific task, as His agents or representatives, to carry to the entire world the peculiar knowledge of God’s law, the Ten Commandments, and the knowledge of the promised Redeemer to come. To do this task God established them as a nation with a government in the form of a theocracy, because God was their King and the leadership was to get their instructions directly from God. They were to be organized as a church, a school and a nation under God’s control; this is told in Exodus 19:6 “ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests [or teachers], and an holy nation.” They were to spread God’s truths as missionaries to all nations teaching God’s plan of redemption and the gospel to all. However, all through their history, it was a constant see-saw battle, with God sending in His prophets to correct and chastise the leaders because of their laxness in obeying the message and also holding the message in exclusiveness instead of sharing it with the world. Finally, when the Redeemer, Jesus Christ, did arrive, He was constantly battling with church leadership for recognition and crying to them for repentance to return fully to God; instead they crucified Him, which completely terminated this missionary society and started a new one. The terminating came at the time of Christ death, when the veil in the temple was torn from top to bottom by an unseen hand, showing to all that this system had fully come to an end [Matthew 27:51]. Then, after Christ’s resurrection from the dead, He became our High Priest and instituted the new missionary society, and told his followers in Mark 16:15 “Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.”

The Little Horn of Daniel 8
Daniel 8:8-12 in this study focuses our interest on the “little horn which waxed exceeding great,” which brings up the question who or what power does it represent? The Greek Empire after the death of Alexander the Great was divided among his four generals Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucus and Ptolemy; which thereafter was reduced to two, the Seleucid Empire [later prophetically referred to as King of the North], and the Ptolemaic [the King of the South]. But as to the “little horn,” some say it refers to Antiochus Epiphanes [“The Illustrious”] who is from the linage of Seleucus. Others prefer, as I do, to realize the extent of the range of the prophecy of this horn’s power that it can only refer to the next up-coming power, Rome! Looking at Antiochus Epiphanes in the line of Seleucid kings he really was not that outstanding as a king according to historians like Livy and Polybius; in fact some say according to his true character, he should have been referred to as “Epimanes” [The Madman] instead of Epiphanes [The Illustrious]. His father Antiochus the Great defeated by the Romans, as part of the pledge of peace, gave his son as a hostage in Rome, and his ascendancy to the throne afterward was maintained by Rome. One of the worst things Antiochus Epiphanes did was the massacre of about 70,000 Jews and setting up pagan worship in the Jewish temple, which some say is the fulfillment of Daniel 8:11 and 13 “the daily sacrifice was taken away,” and “the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot.” However, to accept this as the fulfillment, you must discard what Christ prophesied, as for a future event, in Matthew 24:15-16 “when ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, as spoken by Daniel the prophet [Daniel 8:8-12], stand in the holy place … then let them which be in Judea flee into the mountains;” Christ referring to the slaughter of one million Jews, the utter destruction of Jerusalem and the tearing down of the temple in 70 A.D. stone by stone. And just as it also said in Matthew 24:15 “whosoever readeth, let him understand,” and pray for a full understanding, comparing all scripture when deciding on what is truth.

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