If I am willing to do what the Bible says, then I
will come to its truthfulness ... ... . . T F
The study of the Bible enables me to have a proud
spirit, because I am able to win any argument about
the Bible ... ... . . T F
If I really study the Bible, I will
know all there is to know in a very short period of
time ... ... ... . T F
As I ask God in prayer to open my
eyes to understand the Bible, the Holy Spirit will
come near to guide me into all truth ... ... . . T
I will learn what the Bible teaches faster
if I seek to prove something to someone else who doesn't
believe the way I do ... ... . . T F
I must study the Bible with a teachable
spirit ... ... . T F TOP
FOR IN DEPTH STUDY
5 -- Doctrine
God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet
you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which
you were delivered. And having been set free from sin,
you became slaves of righteousness. (Romans 6:17-18
Apostles believed that in giving the Gospel as commissioned,
there was involved a "form of doctrine" which
spelled deliverance from the bondage of sin. Paul admonished
Timothy - "
Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue
in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself
and them that hear thee." (I Timothy 4:16)
Doctrine based in the Word of God has power because
it is truth. The truth makes one free. (John
8:32) It sanctifies.
(John 17:17) Received into the mind, it is
Jesus abiding in the life, the hope of glory.
(John 14:6; Col. 1:27) The notion that doctrine
need not be emphasized is a deception of the devil.
"He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he
hath both the Father and the Son." (II John 9)
This is life eternal. (John
How shall we interpret the Scriptures? Shall we consider
them as a whole book, or as sixty-six separate books.
If as a whole inspired by the Holy Spirit
(II Peter 1:21), then the interpretation
which best fits this concept is what is known as the
analogy of scripture, or what has been dubbed "the
proof-text" method. It means simply gathering
from all the Bible, related concepts, and based on this
finding arrive at a conclusion called a doctrine.
(Isaiah 28:9-10) This is what our spiritual
forefathers did to arrive at truth. In doing this, they
were but following the method of the Apostolic Church
as they proclaimed Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah. This
method they were taught by the resurrected Jesus.
(Luke 24:27, 44) Concerning the belief and
zeal of that early Church, we read:
the first Christians, who were Jews, the Law and the
Prophets were already sacred. Their national sacred
writings were to them the oracles of God. Though they
could no longer be regarded as containing the whole
truth of God. The coming of the Messiah had revealed
God with a completeness that could not be discovered
in the Old Testament.
word of the Lord was authoritative as even Moses and
the prophets were not. Yet since all the hopes of the
Old Testament seemed to these Jewish Christians to be
fulfilled in Jesus Christ, they more than ever were
convinced that their national sacred books were divinely
inspired. From this source they draw, if not the articles
of their creed, at least proofs and supports of their
doctrines. Christ died and arose again, according to
the writings of the Old Testament spoke of Christ to
them. Legal enactments, prophetic utterance, simple
historic record, and more emotional psalm, - all alike
could be covered by the phrase, "the scripture
says," all were treated as of one piece, and by
diligent use of type and allegory single passages torn
from any context could be used as proof-texts to commend
or defend belief in Christ. (Encyclopedia Britannica,
Vol. 3, p. 499, col. 2; 1958. Edition)
Appendix B) TOP
#2 -- Section
1 -- WHAT IS GOD LIKE?
6 -- Introduction -- In
the first lesson, we observed that Jesus in explaining
the Scriptures concerning Himself, began with "Moses."
Moses was the human instrument used by God to pen the
first five books of the Bible. Let us, therefore, in
this second lesson begin where Christ began. To Whom
are we introduced?
-- In the beginning GOD created ...
As we open our Bibles, we come face to face with Him
Who is the Author of all life and being. What is God
like? Is He one being, or is the Godhead composed
of more than one Person?
-- Let us make man in our image, after our
likeness: ... So God created man in His own image.
- The words, "us" - "our", suggest
at least a minimum of two Beings. The word for God (Elohim)
in Genesis 1:1 is in the plural form.
-- The Lord possessed me in the beginning
of His way ... I was by Him as one brought up with Him.
the figure of "wisdom" it is believed that
Christ's pre-existence is here portrayed as One co-existent
with the Eternal. In the New Testament, Christ is declared
to be "the wisdom of God." (I Corinthians
-- The counsel of peace shall be between them
The concept in the Old Testament of two Beings sharing
the prerogatives of God is further strengthened by Zechariah
13:7, clearly a Messianic prophecy. Here the Saviour
is portrayed as "the Man that is my fellow, saith
the Lord of hosts." In Isaiah, the Messianic King
of Israel is quoted as saying - "Thus saith the
Lord the King of Israel, and His redeemer the Lord of
hosts; I am the first and I am the last; and beside
me there is no God." (Isa. 44:6) The word
for God is the same as in Genesis 1:1, in the
And Jesus ... the Spirit descending ... a Voice from
Matthew in recording the baptism of Jesus, notes three
Persons working in close association with Each other.
The New Testament emphasizes three distinct Persons.
What is the relationship between them?
-- Christ Jesus ... in the form of God ... equal
- - Since
Jesus Christ is as truly God as the Father is God, we
can worship Him and not violate the commandment which
declares - "Thou shalt have no others gods before
Me." The next lesson will increase our understanding
of Jesus Christ.
-- The Holy Spirit ... thou hast not lied unto
men, but unto God. TOP
- In this experience a man and his wife had
sold a piece of land, and bringing the money to the
apostles represented it as the full price of the land.
Peter declared that in so doing, it was lying to the
Holy Spirit. It was not falsifying before a man [a creature]
but was lying to God. The Holy Spirit is set forth as
of the essence and level as God. TOP
1: 18 AND
I Timothy 6:15-16 -- No man hath
seen God at anytime. Dwelling in the light which no
man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can
John and Paul indicate that the member of the Godhead
we call our Father, cannot be seen by man. How then
can we know what He is like?
-- In OUR image after Our likeness.
the beginning the Father and the Son made one man, and
declared him to be in their likeness. Only one earthly
illustration conveys such a picture, that of identical
twins. The picture of one looks like the resemblance
of the other.
-- The express image of His person.
The Father and the Son are identical in likeness.
By beholding Jesus, we see the Father's likeness and
character. As stated in John 1:18, the Son who was in
the bosom of the Father "hath declared Him."
-- The Father ... with whom there is no variableness.
In these uncertain times, how assuring to know that
above all the confusion, strife and turmoil, there is
a God to Whom we come as a Father, who does not vary
nor change. We may grow old; our circumstances in life
may alter, but our God does not change. He is ever and
always a God of love.
3 -- WHAT GOD REQUIRES
that we can study of God is incomplete. Job asks - "Canst
thou by searching find out God? canst thou find out
the Almighty unto, perfection?" The answer
is - No. We see now as through a smoked glass, but dimly;
but we can know of a certainty what God does require
-- Must believe that He is ... a rewarder of
them that diligently seek Him.
even though I cannot see Him. I must believe that God
IS, and that if I diligently seek for Him, I will find
Him, and He will reward me. However, this seeking after
God must be with singleness of purpose.
-- Him ONLY shalt thou serve. TOP
requires undivided service and worship. Not our wives,
nor our husbands, nor our children should come between
us and God. Our jobs, our social status, our pleasures
are all to be secondary. Him only shalt thou
p 8 --
John 4:24 -- Must worship Him in
spirit and in truth.
is a compound must. Not only must there be worship in
spirit such as prayer, singing of hymns, and testimonies;
but this worship must be done according to truth. Jesus
defines truth as " Thy word [God's
word] is truth." John 17:17.
Our worship of God must, therefore, conform to His revealed
will in the Bible, the Word of Truth.
-- If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted?
and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door.
Here is an illustration of acceptable and
unacceptable worship. Both Cain and Abel came to worship
before the same God. Both brought offerings. Cain brought
what he desired rather than what God indicated. See
3:21. God recognized only that worship which
was in accordance with truth - His word. This is the
same God with Whom we have to do today, for
Him is no variableness neither shadow of turning."
We, too, must worship Him in truth
as well as in spirit if our worship is to be acceptable
in His sight. TOP
-- I am the way ... no man cometh unto the Father
but by Me.
Christ is the way to God. He is the truth and the life.
So in the next lesson, we will study - "Jesus Christ,
Who Is He?"
in the blanks)
-- The term - God applies equally to the ___ and the
___ and the ___ ___.
-- Jesus Christ was in the ___ of God, and was ___ to
-- We know that the Father has form and substance because
Jesus Christ is declared to be the ___ image of His
-- The first thing in my relationship to God is that
I must believe that He ___.
-- I must not serve ___ or ___ more than God.
-- The worship that God requires must not only be in
___ but also in ___.
-- To worship in truth means that I must worship according
to the ___. TOP
-- Cain and Abel both worshiped the same God. But God
did not accept Cain's
offering of the ___ of the ___ because it was not in
harmony with His ___. Abel on the other hand brought
a ___ as an ___ to God. This, God did accept. We must
come before the ___ God in worship today. Our ___ of
Him, must therefore be in ___.
The Holy Spirit does not belong to the order of ___,
but to the order
of Beings we call ___. Text:___.
9 -- CONCEPTS
FOR IN DEPTH STUDY
-- Relationship Between Jesus Christ and the Holy
1) -- The Old Testament portrays "the Spirit
of God" as the active agent in Creation.
New Testament, states that through "Jesus Christ"
all things were created. (Eph.
-- The New Testament indicates that "the Holy
Spirit" was the source of all prophetic utterances.
(II Peter 1:21) Also called "the Spirit of Christ."
(I Peter 1:11)
Old Testament indicates that Michael holds this prerogative,
shared with Gabriel. (Dan.
the New Testament
-- Jesus speaks of the Holy Spirit as "another"
Comforter. (John 14:16) The word is allos,
and heteros have a difference in meaning, which
despite a tendency to be lost, is to be observed in
numerous passages. Allos expresses a numerical
difference and denotes another of the same sort. Christ
promised to send 'another Comforter' (allos,
another like Himself, not heteros) ... In Luke
23:32 heteroi is used of the two malefactors
crucified with Christ." (A Comprehensive
Dictionary of the Original Greek Words with Their Precise
Meaning for English Readers. p. 62)
two distinct Persons, Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit
are so much alike that Jesus could say - though He would
depart to the heavens, there to remain "until the
times of restitution of all things" (Acts
3:21) "I will not leave you orphans,
I will come unto you."
(John 14:18, margin) TOP
-- Jesus speaks of the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of truth
as "He." (John
16:13) The word is ekeinos
- masculine - while the word for Spirit - pneuma
- is in the neuter.
-- The book of Revelation is directed to the Seven Churches.
(Rev. 1:11) In each of the messages given,
Jesus Christ is revealed at the introduction of each
with the words - "These things saith He,"
and a description given, or as in the case of Thyatira,
it is specifically stated - "These things saith
the Son of God. "
(Rev. 2:18) At the close of each message
is to be found these words - "He that hath an ear,
let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches."
-- In the symbolism of Revelation, Jesus is pictured
as "a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns
and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent
forth into all the earth."
(Rev. 5:6) This could symbolize complete
power and authority, and fullness of perception.
(See Matt. 28:18, 20). TOP
#3 -- JESUS
CHRIST - WHO IS HE?
10 -- Introduction -- In
Lesson #2, we discovered that the Council of God is
composed of three Beings, namely, the Father, the Son,
and the Holy Spirit. Each of these Three carry the full
authority and nature of God. In this lesson we shall
study the relationship of Jesus Christ to the Council
of God, and His identification with humanity.
-- In the beginning WAS the word ... the same
WAS in the beginning with God ... The Word was made
flesh and dwelt among us.
- No matter at what point in the remote past I accept
as the point of beginning, the Word WAS. Not only this,
but He was in the beginning with God.
In other words, one can conclude there never was a time
when the Word, which became flesh, was not. The preexistent
Christ has always been!
-- Unto the Son ... Thy throne, 0 God. TOP
- Here is language that cannot be mistaken. The
Father asserts the Son's position in the Council of
God. The Son too, is God.
-- Before Abraham was, I AM.
- In this discussion with the Jewish leaders,
Jesus declares plainly His preexistence; not merely
the fact that He existed before Abraham, but that in
that preexistence, He was the I am - the self-existent
One; and the I AM, - the ever-existent
One. The question then arises - If Jesus Christ existed
in the beginning with God as the I AM, how then is He
the SON of God?
-- 1 will declare the decree ... Thou art my
assume that this text applies to Jesus Christ in regard
to the question of His Sonship, would be to place a
private interpretation on this verse. But by comparing
Scripture with Scripture, we find its meaning.
-- This day have I begotten Thee ... I will
be to Him a Father and He shall be to Me a Son.
Psalm 2:7 is quoted and applied to Jesus
Christ in contrast to the angels. Further, the promise
made by God to David
(II Samuel 7:14) concerning His relationship
to Solomon is noted to describe the Heavenly Father-Son
relationship. Also in Hebrews, Christ's position as
a Son is associated with His position as priest after
the Order of Melchisedec - a "called" position.
5:5-6, 10) All of this was done so that we
might understand the privilege of sonship to which we
have been called.
(Hebrews 2:10-11) TOP
2 -- THE REDEEMER
with God ... made Himself of no reputation ... became
obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
11 -- Note
Possessor of Life voluntarily laid it aside and accepted
death. As one beholds the price of his redemption, he
sees that the purchase was made by no inferior Being,
but by One equal with God. It was the sacrifice
of Deity that was made on Calvary! Jesus Christ stooped
low in becoming man's Substitute. What a sacrifice this
is. How little we give up, when asked to surrender all
for this Gift!
-- As the children ... He took part of the same
... behoved Him in all things to be made like unto His
-- Great is the mystery of Godliness: God was
manifest in the flesh.
came all the way to meet man in his need. He who was
in the form of God, accepted our likeness and nature
after four thousand years of sin. He took our flesh,
and our blood. Yea, in ALL THINGS He was made like unto
us, except in this experience, He did not sin. How this
could be is called a mystery. Another, and perhaps a
greater mystery, is why man, in the light of such a
redemption, should stubbornly cling to his own way.
-- THE CREATOR
-- All things were made by Him.
-- God, who created all things by Jesus Christ.
-- By Him were all things created ... visible
From the invisible atom to the mightiest star, all is
the handiwork of man's Redeemer. The hand that spaced
the heavens, and formed from the dust of the earth,
man in His own likeness, is the same hand that was nailed
to the cross of Calvary for man's redemption.
4 -- THE
-- Thou camest down also upon Mount Sinai.
- Who is this - "THOU"? Who is
the One that led the children of Israel from Egypt to
the promised land? Who is the One who appeared to Moses
in Mount Sinai? Again, we must use the Bible method
of interpretation as outlined by the Holy Spirit - comparing
one Scripture with another.
-- That Rock was Christ.
was Jesus Christ Himself, who amid the glory and flame
of Sinai, proclaimed the Law of the Council of God -
even the Ten Commandments. Thus Jesus is OUR Creator,
Lawgiver, and Redeemer. In future lessons we shall note
Him as our High Priest, and Coming King. The Bible from
beginning to end is the revelation of Jesus Christ,
the Alpha and the Omega, the one and only true
way to the Father.
5 -- OUR RELATIONSHIP TO JESUS
12 -- John
If ye love Me, keep my commandments. TOP
commandments are the Father's, and the Father's are
His - even the Ten Commandments. In keeping them we
show our love to Him. How can we do less when He has
done so much for us? In another lesson we shall study
the provision made so that we can keep the commandments.
#3 -- QUIZ
-- (Fill in the blanks)
-- "In the beginning ___ the Word, and the Word
___ with God, and the Word ___ God. The same ___ in
the beginning with God." Text: ___.
-- Jesus told the Jewish leaders that before Abraham
was, ___. This statement made by Jesus certified His
claim to be the self- ___ One, and the ever- ___ One.
-- Jesus Christ is the Son of God by ___ and not by
ordinary generation as far as His preexistent relationship
to God is concerned. He was ___ to be a Son even as
He was also ___ to be a High Priest.
-- In becoming our Redeemer, Jesus Christ took upon
Himself our ___ and blood, becoming in ___ ___ like
unto His brethren.
-- At the creation of man, the "US" in the
desire, "Let US make man in our image," was
God the Father and ___ ___.
-- The "THOU" that came down on Mount Sinai
and spoke the Ten Commandments is confirmed by Paul
to be ___ ___. Give two texts: ____ ___.
-- When we think of Jesus in relationship to the
dust of the ground, we think of Him as our ___ ; when
we think of Him in relationship to the Cross, we think
of Him as our ___; and when we think of Him at Mount
Sinai, we recognize Him as our ____. TOP
FOR IN DEPTH STUDY
13 -- THE
INCARNATION -- The term, Incarnation, is
used to denote the union of divinity with humanity in
Jesus Christ. What this means in truth hinges on two
Who was He that came in the flesh having existed in
some previous form?
What was the nature of the flesh He assumed?
answer to the first question is given by Jesus Christ
himself. He said without equivocation - "Before
Abraham was, I AM." (John
answers the second question. He wrote - "God [sent]
His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh."
(Rom. 8:3) 2
these two basic questions arise other questions, to
which, answers can be found. Did the "I AM"
come as fully God and fully man? This question can be
quickly answered in the negative. If Jesus came as fully
man, then He came as sinner, for man is a sinner. But
Jesus "did no sin."
(I Peter 2:22) If Jesus came as fully
God, He could not have given His life, for God cannot
die. But Jesus did die. 3
(I Corinthians 15:3) This leaves the alternate
concept - Jesus was truly God and truly man. What does
this mean, and what is involved in this formulation
come now to that mysterious reality which we cannot
define, and only describe in various word symbols. How
does one define himself? What is the real basic self
identification? You can say - a person who is alive.
But how do you differentiate between live persons? How
can you distinguish one individual from all others?
We end up with only a name, and when we hear
that name, we perceive in our mind a person, we cannot
in reality define. We give characteristics. TOP
the Reality - Individuality - that was the preexistent
I AM, require that this Reality be synonymous with immortality,
or did He exist in an immortal form? The Bible states
- "God is spirit." (John
4:24 Greek) 4
equivalent to immortality? The angels are called "ministering
(Heb. 1:14), yet this does not make them
brings us a fundamental question - What makes God, God?
This is not theoretical nor abstract. Is God, love,
truth, righteous, merciful and gracious?
(I John 4:8; Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalm 119:137;
Exodus 34:5-6) Is God omnipotent, omniscient,
omnipresent, immortal? Do the latter produce the former;
or do the latter flow from the former? Who would want
to live in a universe where omnipotence, omniscience,
existed eternally in one who was hateful, a liar, unrighteous,
and full of vengeance?
was the purpose of the Incarnation besides providing
a means of redemption for man? Was it not to show the
character of God - His real Self - as a God of love,
truth, and righteousness. Was the issue at stake whether
He was all-powerful, or whether His character could
remain untarnished in a fallen human nature? If the
latter, then that which would be truly God would be
manifest in the flesh. And it was!
(John 1:14) He emptied Himself of "the
form of God."
(Philippians 2:7 RV) 5
Divesting Himself of omnipotence, omniscience,
omnipresence, and immortality, the I AM became flesh
and blood. (Heb.
p 14 -- Now what kind of flesh did He assume,
or take upon Himself - that mysterious preexistent Identity?
Since He was not a sinner, He did not take a flesh that
had sinned, but a flesh like unto sinful flesh - a flesh
with a potential that could sin. All the forces and
imbalances that reside in human nature because of sin,
and which in us lead to sin, He accepted. But
in that very nature, the preexistent I AM sinned not.
Herein is the glorious victory of the Incarnation.
(Romans 1:1,3; 8:3-4; II Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews
2:14-17) TOP ~~~~
-- There is light and glory in the truth that Christ
was one with the Father before the foundations of the
world were laid. This is the light shining in a dark
place, making it resplendent with divine,
original glory. This truth, infinitely mysterious in
itself, explains other mysterious and otherwise unexplainable
truths, while it is enshrined in light, unapproachable
and incomprehensible." (Review, April
-- The phrase "in the likeness of sinful flesh"
is literally in the Greek - "in likeness of a flesh
of sin." The part of the phrase - "in likeness"
(en 'omoiomati) is also used by Paul in Philippians
2:7 - "in the likeness of men." Was Jesus
a real man? Yes, but fully men? - No. This applies equally
to Romans 8:3. Did Jesus take the real flesh
of sin - man's fallen nature? Yes, but was it
a flesh that had sinned in Him? - No. It was
truly a fallen flesh with all the potential that could
lead to sin, even as Jesus was truly man having divested
Himself of "the form of God." TOP
great work of redemption could be carried out only by
the Redeemer taking the place of fallen man. ...
Adam was assailed by the tempter he was without the
taint of sin. He stood before God in the strength of
perfect manhood, all the organs and faculties of his
being fully developed and harmoniously balanced; and
he was surrounded with things of beauty, and conversed
daily with holy angels. What a contrast to this perfect
being did the second Adam present, as He entered the
desolate wilderness to cope with Satan, single-handed.
For four thousand years the race had been decreasing
in size and physical strength, and deteriorating in
moral worth; and, in order to elevate fallen man, Christ
must reach him where he stood. He assumed human nature,
bearing the infirmities and degeneracy of the race."
(Spirit of Prophecy, Vol., 2, p. 88)
-- Jesus Christ laid off His royal robe, His kingly
crown, and clothed His divinity with humanity, in order
to become a substitute and surety for humanity, that
dying in humanity He might by His death destroy him
that had the power of death. He could not have done
this as God, but by coming as a man Christ could die."
( Bible Commentary, Vol., 7, p. 925)
-- "Think of Christ's humiliation. He took
upon Himself fallen, suffering human nature, degraded
and defiled by sin. He took our sorrows, bearing our
grief and shame. He endured all the temptations wherewith
man is beset. He united humanity with divinity: a divine
spirit dwelt in a temple of flesh. He united Himself
with the temple." ( Bible Commentary,
Vol. 4, p. 1147)
-- "The Scriptures teach us, that He who was
with God before the creation, from love to men put on
flesh, and took the form of a servant, not all
the while having on Him the whole fulness of His divine
nature, but having really and actually emptied Himself
of this fulness and glory, so that there was not only
a hiding, but an absolute kenosis, a putting
off of it. Therefore His subsequent exaltation must
be conceived of as belonging, not to His Humanity only,
but to the entire undivided Person of Christ, now resuming
the fulness and glory of the Godhead (John xvii.5).
and in addition to this having taken into the Godhead
the Manhood, now glorified by His obedience, atonement,
and victory." (Henry Alford, The Greek New
Testament, Vol. IV, p. 13: Moody Press Edition)
#4 -- THE
SABBATH OF THE LORD THY GOD
15 -- Introduction - In
the three preceding lessons, we have studied concepts
of truth which will enable us to better understand this
lesson. First, we noted how to establish a doctrine.
Precept must be upon precept, and line upon line.
(Isa. 28:9-10) Secondly, we observed
that God requires not only worship in spirit, but also
according to truth. (John
4:24) Our worship of the Lord, even the day
we observe, must be in harmony with the truth as found
in the Word for such worship to be acceptable in His
sight. Thirdly, we studied the place of Jesus
in the plan of the ages. We noted His stately movings
in the Old Testament as our Creator and Lawgiver. These
facts are important as we study this lesson.
-- God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified
it: because that in it He had rested.
- Without Christ was not anything made that was
made. (John 1:3) He as our Creator, made the
first Sabbath day by blessing and sanctifying that day
above all the other six through the act of resting thereon
-- The seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord
- When one understands that Jesus is the Lawgiver,
and equally God with the Father, this commandment takes
on a new importance. The seventh day is not the sabbath
of the Jews, but it is the Sabbath of the Lord God of
Heaven. When we recognize Him as our God, then we happily
accept the day He designated for His worship.
-- The sons of the stranger that join themselves
to the Lord, to serve Him. ... everyone that keepeth
- Even In Old Testament times, when one who was
not a Jew, turned from idolatry and paganism to serve
the true God, he was not to count himself as separate
from the people whom God had chosen, but was to take
hold of the covenant, and keep the Sabbath. The Sabbath
was the holy day of those who chose the Lord God.
-- I gave them MY Sabbaths to be a sign between
Me and them.
sign was for two purposes: (1)
"That they might know that I am the Lord that doth
sanctify them," and (2)
"That ye may know that I am the Lord your God."
The Sabbath is meaningful from God's viewpoint. It is
His sign to us. TOP
# 2 -- The Sabbath in the Gospels
4:16 -- He (Jesus) came to Nazareth where
He had been brought up: and as His custom was, He went
into the synagogue on the Sabbath day.
in His humanity is our Example. We are to follow in
(I Peter 2:21-22). We are to walk even
as He walked
(I John 2:6). He who made the Sabbath
in the beginning, observed when upon earth. It was His
custom to gather with others for worship on the Sabbath,
and to participate in the service of worship.
16 -- Mark
-- The Sabbath was made for man ... The Son of
man is Lord also of the Sabbath.
-- It is lawful to do well on the Sabbath days.
these verses we find the Lord of the Sabbath teaching
the true meaning of the Sabbath. It was made for all
mankind; a day in which he was to do good, and thus
draw into close fellowship with Him who went about doing
good. "It is a time when the spent spirit may catch
its breath, and man may look into the face of God and
be refreshed." The Sabbath is a day of liberty
from the cares of life, enabling man to do the activities
of the service of love. It is in such holy service that
we see the face of God. Only thus can we worship our
God in spirit and in truth. TOP
#3 -- Which
Day Is the Seventh Day?
23:50 - 24:3
-- This man went unto Pilate, and begged the
body of Jesus. And he took it down ... and laid it in
a sepulchre.. .That day was the preparation, and the
Sabbath drew on.
women ... which came with Him from Galilee ... returned
and prepared spices ... and rested the Sabbath day according
to the commandment.
upon the first day of the week ... they found not the
body of the Lord Jesus.
in the gospel of Luke are three days marked out
in succession: (1) The
day of the crucifixion, commonly called Good Friday;
(2) The following day noted as "the
sabbath day according to the commandment:" and
(3) The day of the resurrection,
now called Easter Sunday. The only day between Friday
and Sunday is Saturday, the seventh day. This then is
the Sabbath of the Lord our God.
#4 -- Apostolic
Practice and Teaching
13:14; 42-44 -- The
Gentiles besought that these words might be preached
to them the next Sabbath day ... And the next Sabbath
day came almost the whole city together to hear the
word of God.
- Ten years had passed since Paul had seen Jesus
on the road to Damascus. He was now on his first missionary
journey. Here was a remarkable opportunity for Paul
to tell his Gentile listeners that a new day of worship
had been appointed for them, if such had been done.
When they, therefore, asked that the gospel be preached
to them, Paul could have told them to come back on the
morrow; but no, they waited a whole week till the next
Sabbath day to hear the words of truth.
-- And on the Sabbath, we went out of the city
by a river side where prayer was wont to be made.
in cities where there was no synagogue available for
Sabbath worship,Paul sought a place of prayer and study
outside of the city. Consistently under all circumstances,
Paul who was the Apostle to the Gentiles faithfully
observed the Sabbath of the Lord his God. TOP
-- Paul as his manner was, went in unto them,
and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the
17 -- Acts
-- And he reasoned in the synagogue every
-- And God did rest the seventh day ... There
remaineth therefore a rest [margin - a keeping of a
sabbath] to the people of God. For he that is entered
into His rest, he also hath ceased from his own works,
AS GOD DID FROM HIS.
- When one accepts the rest that Jesus offers in
the invitation - "Come unto Me and I will give
you rest " (Matt. 11 :28), he gives up his
own works, and accepts the merits of the Saviour. As
a memorial of the surrender to the recreative power
of Jesus Christ, he ceases from his own works as God
did from His in the first creation. "And God did
rest the seventh day." It is interesting to note
in passing that a translation of the Aramaic text of
the New Testament renders Hebrews 4:9 thus -
"It is therefore the duty of the people of God
to keep the Sabbath." (Lamsa)
# 5 -- The
Sabbath in the New Earth
66:22-23 -- The
new heavens and the new earth ... it shall come to pass
that ... from one Sabbath to another shall all flesh
come to worship before Me, saith the Lord.
Sabbath of the Lord our God will not cease, but in the
new earth state, all beings will come and worship before
the Lord on that day. Would it not be well now, to be
in harmony with the worship of the world to come? TOP
#6 -- The Time and Observance of the Sabbath
23:32 -- From
even unto even shall ye celebrate your Sabbath.
-- At even when the sun did set.
division of time is from sunset to sunset. The days
of creation began with the evening. "And the evening
and the morning were the first day." (Gen. 1:5)
So the holy Sabbath day begins on Friday evening at
sunset, and continues till Saturday evening at sunset.
The first hour on Friday night is just as sacred as
the hour of worship in the middle of the day. Every
hour of the Sabbath is God's time, and is to be reserved
sacredly unto Him.
-- If thou turn away thy foot from the Sabbath
... and call the Sabbath a delight, the holy of the
Lord, honorable; and shalt honor Him, not doing thine
own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking
thine own words: then shalt thou delight thyself in
is a divine comment on the proper observance of the
fourth commandment. Mere ceasing from work on the holy
hours of the Sabbath is not necessarily keeping the
Sabbath. An attitude of mind is involved. We must consider
it a delight to thus honor the Lord, by laying aside
the ordinary duties of life. In so doing, we seek His
interests, not our pleasures; we study His words, not
our thoughts: we follow His ways, not our paths. In
this, the true essence of Sabbath observance is to be
found - we delight ourselves in the Lord.
Blessed are they that do His commandments, that they
may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in
through the gates into the city.
p 18 -- Lesson
#4 -- Quiz (Fill in the blanks)
-- In formulating a doctrine, we must use all the ___,
and bring together all the related texts, ___ upon ___,
and ___ upon ___ before drawing a conclusion.
2. -- In the Ten Commandments it is definitely
stated that instead of being Jewish,
the seventh day is the ___ of the ___ thy ___.
-- Jesus declared that He is ___ of the Sabbath.
was crucified on the day we commonly call Good ___.
His followers rested the next day, or ___, the Sabbath
day ___ to the ___. On the first day of the week, designated
as Easter ___ Jesus arose.
-- The Sabbath begins on ___ evening at ___, and
___ evening at the same time. Every ___ of the day is
just as ___ as the hour of worship on the Sabbath.
-- In keeping the Sabbath, we cease from the ordinary
___ of life, and call the Sabbath day a ___. By not
doing our own ___ nor finding our own ___, nor speaking
our own ___, we delight ourselves in the ___.
-- In the earth made new all ___ will worship before
the Lord on the ___ ___. Text: ___. TOP
FOR FURTHER CONSIDERATION IN ADDITION TO THIS STUDY
-- Sixty Bible Facts Concerning the Seventh Day
1 --Why keep the Sabbath day? What is the
object of the Sabbath? Who made it? When was it made,
and for whom? Which day is the true Sabbath? Many keep
the first day of the week, or Sunday. What Bible authority
have they for this? Some keep the seventh day, or Saturday.
What Scripture have they for that? Here are the facts
about both days, as plainly stated in the Word of God:
-- After working the first six days of the week in creating
this earth, the great God rested on the seventh day.
2. -- This stamped that day as God's rest day,
or Sabbath day, as Sabbath day means rest day. To illustrate:
When a person is born on a certain day, that day thus
becomes his birthday. So when God rested upon the seventh
day, that day became His rest, or Sabbath, day.
3. -- Therefore the seventh day must always be
God's Sabbath day. Can you change your birthday from
the day on which you were born to one on which you were
not born? No. Neither can you change God's rest day
to a day on which He did not rest. Hence the seventh
day is still God's Sabbath day.
4. -- The Creator blessed the seventh day. (Genesis
5. -- He sanctified the seventh day. (Exodus
6. -- He made it the Sabbath day in the Garden
of Eden. (Genesis 2:1-3.)
7. -- It was made before the fall; hence it is
not a type; for types were not introduced till after
8. -- Jesus says it was made for man (Mark
2:27), that is, for the race, as the word man is
here unlimited; hence, for the Gentile as well as for
9. --It is a memorial of creation. (Exodus
20:11; 31:17.) Every time we rest upon the seventh
day, as God did at creation, we commemorate that grand
10. --It was given to Adam, the head of the human
race. (Mark 2:27; Genesis 2:1-3.)
11. -- Hence through him, as our representative,
to all nations. (Acts 17:26.) TOP
12. -- It is not a Jewish institution, for it
was made 2,300 years before ever there was a Jew.
13. -- The Bible never calls it the Jewish
p 2 -- Sabbath,
but always "the Sabbath of the Lord thy God."
Men should be cautious how they stigmatize God's holy
14. -- Evident reference is made to the Sabbath
and the seven-day week all through the patriarchal age.
(Genesis 2:1-3; 8:10, 12; 29:27, 28, etc.)
15. -- It was a part of God's law before Sinai.
(Exodus 16:4, 27-29.)
16. -- Then God placed it in the heart of His
moral law. (Exodus 20:1-17.) Why did He place
it there if it was not like the other nine precepts,
which all admit to be immutable?
19 -- 17. -- The seventh-day Sabbath was commanded
by the voice of the living God. (Deuteronomy 4:12,
18. -- Then He wrote the commandment with His
own finger. (Exodus 31:18.)
19. -- He engraved it in the enduring stone,
indicating its imperishable nature. (Deuteronomy
20. -- It was sacredly preserved in the ark in
the holy of holies. (Deuteronomy 10:1-5.)
21. -- God forbade work upon the Sabbath, even
in the most hurrying times. (Exodus 34:21.)
22. -- God destroyed the Israelites in the wilderness
because they profaned the Sabbath. (Ezekiel 20:12,
23. -- It is the sign of the true God, by which
we are to know Him from false gods. (Ezekiel 20:20.)
24. -- God promised that Jerusalem should stand
forever if the Jews would keep the Sabbath. (Jeremiah
25. -- He sent them into the Babylonish captivity
for breaking it. (Nehemiah 13:18.)
26. -- He destroyed Jerusalem for its violation.
27. -- God has pronounced a special blessing
on all the Gentiles who will keep it. (Isaiah 56:6,
28. -- This is in the prophecy which refers wholly
to the Christian dispensation. (See Isaiah 56.)
29. -- God has promised to bless all who keep
the Sabbath. (Isaiah 56:2.)
30. -- The Lord requires us to call it "honourable."
(Isaiah 58:13.) Beware, ye who take delight in
calling it the "old Jewish
Sabbath," "a yoke of bondage," etc.
31. -- After the holy Sabbath has been trodden
down "many generations," it is to be restored
in the last days. (Isaiah 58:12, 13.) TOP
32. -- All the holy prophets kept the seventh
33. -- When the Son of God came, He kept the
seventh day all His life. (Luke 4:16; John 15:10.)
Thus He followed His Father's example at creation. Shall
we not be safe in following the example of both the
Father and the Son?
34. -- The seventh day is the Lord's day. (See
Revelation 1: 14; Mark 2:28; Isaiah 5 8:13; Exodus
35. -- Jesus was Lord of the Sabbath (Mark
2:28), that is, to love and protect it, as the husband
is the lord of the wife, to love and cherish her (1
36. -- He vindicated the Sabbath as a merciful
institution designed for man's good. (Mark 2:23-28.)
37. -- Instead of abolishing the Sabbath, He
carefully taught how it should be observed. (Matthew
38. -- He taught His disciples that they should
do nothing upon the Sabbath day but what was "lawful."
39. -- He instructed His apostles that
the Sabbath should be prayerfully regarded forty years
after His resurrection. (Matthew 24:20.)
40. -- The pious women who had been with
Jesus carefully kept the seventh day after His death.
41. -- Thirty years after Christ's resurrection,
the Holy Spirit expressly calls it "the sabbath
day." (Acts 13:14.)
42. -- Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles, called
it the "sabbath day" in A.D. 45. (Acts
13:27.) Did not Paul know? Or shall we believe modem
teachers, who affirm that it ceased to be the Sabbath
at the resurrection of Christ?
43. -- Luke, the inspired Christian historian,
writing as late as A.D. 62, calls it the "sabbath
day." (Acts 13:44.)
44. -- The Gentile converts called it the Sabbath.
45. -- In the great Christian council,
A.D. 49, in the presence of the apostles and
p 3 -- thousands
of disciples, James calls it the "sabbath day."
46. -- It was customary to hold prayer meetings
upon that day. (Acts 16:13.)
47. -- Paul read the Scriptures in public meetings
on that day. (Acts 17:2, 3.)
48. -- It was his custom to preach upon
that day. (Acts 17:2, 3.)
49. -- The Book of Acts alone gives a record
of his holding eighty-four meetings upon that day. (See
Acts 13:14, 44; 16:13; 17:2; 18:4, 11.) TOP
50. -- There was never any dispute between the
Christians and the Jews about the Sabbath day. This
is proof that the Christians still observed the same
day that the Jews did.
51. -- In all their accusations against Paul,
they never charged him with disregarding the Sabbath
day. Why did they not, if he did not keep it?
52. -- But Paul himself expressly declared that
he had kept the law. "Neither against the law of
the Jews, neither against the temple, nor yet against
Caesar, have I offended any thing at all." (Acts
25:8). How could this be true if he had not kept
53. -- The Sabbath is mentioned in the New Testament
fifty-nine times, and always with respect, bearing the
same title it had in the Old Testament, "the sabbath
54. -- Not a word is said anywhere in the New
Testament about the Sabbath's being abolished, done
away, changed, or anything of the kind.
55. -- God has never given permission to any
man to work upon it. Reader, by what authority do you
use the seventh day for common labor?
56. -- No Christian of the New Testament, either
before or after the resurrection, ever did ordinary
work upon the seventh day. Find one case of that kind,
and we will yield the question. Why should modem Christians
do differently from Bible Christians?
57. -- There is no record that God has ever removed
His blessing or sanctification from the seventh day.
58. -- As the Sabbath was kept in Eden before
the fall, so it will be observed eternally in the new
earth after the restitution. (Isaiah 66:22, 23.)
59. -- The seventh-day Sabbath was an important
part of the law of God, as it came from His own mouth,
and was written by His own finger upon stone at Sinai.
(See Exodus 20.) When Jesus began His work, He
expressly declared that He had not come to destroy the
law. "Think not that I am come to destroy the law,
or the prophets." Matthew 5:17.
60. -- Jesus severely condemned the Pharisees
as hypocrites for pretending to love God, while at the
same time they made void one of the Ten Commandments
by their tradition. The keeping of Sunday is only a
tradition of men. TOP
to consider after going through this study:
Sabbath has been from eternity in heaven; God gave
it to us at creation, he reaffirmed it through all
the patriarchs and prophets through the Old Testament
and to his chosen people. He reaffirmed it with his
own Son Jesus Christ and through the Apostles all
through the New Testament and, as we have already
read in the Study from Isaiah, it will be continued
in heaven at the end of time and for eternity. So,
with all this evidence through thousands of years
of history and the fact that we can find no biblical
proof of a change, the question is - Why would any
person believe God would change the day of worship
for this short period of time only?
the study of astronomy we are shown reasons for the
existence of a Day, a Month, the four Seasons and
a Year but there is no scientific reason for the existence
of a Week -- EXCEPT THAT GOD INSTITUTED IT.
say, "How can we tell which day is the Sabbath
with all the calendar changes that have been made
over the years." In looking at these calendar
changes, such as the change from the Gregorian Calendar
to the Julian Calendar, the numbering of the days
has been changed, however, the weekly cycle has never
20 -- Introduction
- In our previous study, we noted the doctrine of the
Sabbath, and by following the Bible method for understanding
doctrine - "line upon line and precept upon precept"
- we brought together the outstanding verses in the
Bible on that subject. Now in all fairness, because
so many people observe the first day of the week in
honor of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, making it
a Sabbath for worship, we need to note all the verses
in the Bible which mention the first day of the week.
As we study these verses, we should ask ourselves a
question. Do these texts give me a command to observe
the first day of the week in place of the seventh day?
-- And the evening and the morning were the
is the only verse in the entire Old Testament which
mentions the first day of the week. It is referring
to the first day of Creation on which God brought into
existence the mass of the earth, and set it in motion,
thus along with the creation of light, established day
and night. TOP
#2 -- THE
FIRST DAY IN THE GOSPELS
the Now Testament, there are eight references to the
first day of the week, six of which are to be found
in the Gospels and apply to the same first day, namely,
the day on which Christ arose from the dead. Lot us
-- And when the Sabbath was past ... very
early in the morning the first day of the week, they
came to the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
text merely tells us that when the women came to the
sepulchre on the first day of the week to anoint Jesus'
body, the Sabbath was post.
-- Now when Jesus was risen early the first day
of the week.
the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the
first day of the week.
- This is merely stating the same thing we found
in Mark 16. Jesus arose on the first day of
the week, and certain women came after the Sabbath to
the tomb in the early hours of Sunday
morning. Weymouth translates this verse thus
- 'After the Sabbath, in the early dawn of the first
day of the week."
-- Now upon the first day of the week, very
early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre.
- We noted this verse carefully in our previous
lesson, and found that it was one of a series which
outlines the days connected with the death, burial and
resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the previous chapter,
it is clearly stated that the day before the first day
is "the Sabbath day according to the commandment."
(Luke 23:56) In this verse, there is no intimation
that the command had been changed. TOP
21 -- John
20:1 -- The first day of the week cometh
Mary Magdaline earl unto the sepulcher.
- This verse says nothing more than the other verses
noting the activities of Christ's followers on the resurrection
-- Then the same day at evening, being the first
day of the week, ... the disciples were assembled for
fear of the Jews, came Jesus ... and saith unto them,
Peace be unto you.
- This is the first appearance of Jesus to His disciples-
as a group after His resurrection. Mary had seen Him.
(John 20:11-18) He had appeared to two disciples
as they walked home to Emmaus. (Luke 24:13-32)
It appears that Simon Peter also saw Him. (Luke 24:34;
1 Cor. 15:5). However, all of this testimony had
not convinced the group that Jesus had indeed risen.
Thus their gathering together was not to celebrate the
resurrection, but "for fear of the Jews."
Jesus' appearance was to quiet their fears and to convict
their hearts. (Mark 16:12-14) The time of this
meeting would correspond to our Sunday night. This is
the last text in the Gospels which mentions the first
day of the week.TOP
#3 -- PAUL
AND THE FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK
And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples
came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them,
ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech
- This is the only recorded religious service in
the New Testament to be held on the first day of the
week. It was a night meeting, corresponding to our Saturday
night. (Bible reckoning of time places the first day
of the week from sundown Saturday till sundown Sunday.)
A careful study of the context of this verse reveals
some very interesting facts:
was on his way to Jerusalem. (verse 16) He
stayed in Troas seven days. (Verse 6)
The group of men Paul had with him left
by boat that night for Assos, and planned to pick
Paul up the next day. (Verse 13)
Paul's service was interrupted, by the accident of
Eutychus, who, because of Paul's long preaching, had
fallen asleep while sitting in a window. (Verse
After this incident, Paul broke bread
with them, and preached till the break of day. (Verse
verses are merely recording a farewell meeting Paul
had with the believers at Troas. However, it is also
an incident of humor found in the Bible. You will
observe that prior to this recorded experience, the
narrative is in the first Person plural - "we"
- and resumes with verse 13. The experience
itself is told in the third person - "Paul."
Naturally as Paul again joins his traveling companions,
they ask him about the meeting the night before. He
told them about the traumatic experience with Eutychus.
But they asked Paul as to why this should have happened.
He had to confess it was because he was a long-winded
preacher. No doubt on other occasions they had chided
him about going "over-time." Luke could
not pass up this opportunity of telling about it.
-- Upon the first day of the week let every one
of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him,
that there be no gatherings when I come.
- Paul had placed a burden upon the individual members
of the churches to have an offering ready for the poor
believers in Jerusalem (I Cor. 16:1, 3) This
verse is not a command for a collection to be received
at a church service, but asking that each one from his
own funds, set aside a gift each week, and let it accumulate
at home, so that the sum might be placed in the hands
p 22 -- representatives
when Paul would come by on his way to Jerusalem. Two
other translations of this verse will aid in our understanding
of it. Weymouth reads: - "On the first day
of the week, let each of you put up and keep any profit
he may have made: so that there may be no collections
made after I come." Lamsa, basing his translation
on the Eastern Text, renders the verse thus - "Upon
the first day of the week, let each of you put aside
and keep in his house whatever he can afford, so that
there may be no collections when I come."
#4 -- ANOTHER TEXT
I Cor. 16:2. we have surveyed all the verses in
the entire Bible which mention the first day of the
week. In none of them do we find an express command
authorizing the observance of the first day in honor
of the resurrection of Jesus: nor do we find the least
suggestion that the first day was to replace the Sabbath
of the Law of God as given at Mt. Sinai. There is, however,
another text which is sometimes used to suggest this
idea. We shall note it also. TOP
was in the spirit on the Lord's day.
- Which day is the Lord's day? Using the analogy
of Scripture - the comparing of spiritual things with
spiritual - we can find our answer in Mark 2:28,
where Jesus declared - "Therefore the Son of man
is Lord also of the Sabbath." So instead of this
verse applying to the first day of the week, it in reality
refers to the Sabbath as the true Lord's day.
#5 -- HOW DID SUNDAY WORSHIP BEGIN?
20:29-30 -- For
I know this, that after my departing ... of your own-selves
shall men arise, speaking perverse things.
- Paul states that after his death, men would arise
in the Church itself speaking perverse, that is,. erroneous
things, which would be contrary to what he himself had
taught. This is what has occurred. The Roman Catholic
church, professing to be the true successor to the apostles,
has altered the day of worship, and boasts about it.
(See Insert - next page.)
-- In vain do they worship Me, teaching for doctrines
the commandments of men. TOP
- We love Jesus because He has done so much for
us. Because of this, we do not desire to offer before
Him a vain worship. But He stated plainly that if our
worship is according to the doctrines of men, it is
vain worship. Thus we are presented with a choice of
worship, that which is of men, or that which is in spirit
and in truth, according to the Word of God. We must
keep in mind that God cannot accept from us worship
contrary to His word, any more than He would accept
the worship of Cain.
chapter 4 - Here Paul is talking specifically
about the Sabbath; note especially verse
8-11. Also see Facts
of Faith, by C. Edwardson) TOP
note: Interesting to note in this letter is the
date of 1905 and the amount offered ($1,000). In today's
money that would maybe be close to $1 Million offered
by a Catholic Priest for Protestants to prove from the
Bible only where they are obligated to God to keep Sunday
holy, which Father Enright here shows is a sign of the
Roman Catholic's power to think to alter God's law.
As he states, he offered this amount over and over again,
and nobody stepped forward to prove it.) TOP
23 -- Lesson
#5 -- Quiz
-- There are ____ texts in the Bible which mention
the first day of the week. Of these, ____ are found
in the New Testament, ____ and of them refer to the
same first day, namely, the day of the ____.
-- In studying these texts which mention the first
day, we should ask ourselves a question. Do any of
these verses ____ us to keep the first day of the
week as the Sabbath in place of the ____ day of the
-- When Jesus met with His disciples as a group after
His resurrection, they were assembled in the upper
room "for ____ of the ____". The reason
they could not have been meeting in honor of the resurrection
was because they did not ____ the reports of those
who had seen Him alive earlier that day.
-- The only religious gathering recorded in the Bible
which occurred on the first day of the week is recorded
in _____: ____. The record states that Paul ____ until
____ and was ready to ____ on the morrow to meet those
who had started ahead by boat. This meeting was a
____ meeting Paul had with the believers in Troas
on his way to ____.
-- Paul after he left Troas visited with the elders
of the church at Ephesus. He warned them that ____
he should die, men would arise in their own ____ and
speak ____ things to draw disciples after themselves.
-- Jesus stated that in ____ men worship Him who follow
the ____ of men. Give text - ____:____.
CONCEPTS FOR STUDY
Lord's Day of Revelation 1:10
-- In 1982, the book The Sabbath in Scripture
and History , was edited by Dr. Kenneth A. Strand,
and has a distinguished group of contributors. One section
- "Sunday in the New Testament" - discusses
the Lord's day of Revelation
1:10. (pp. 125-127) What Dr. Walter F. Specht
wrote on this verse needs to be carefully noted.
designation - kuriake'
hemera (first e has long sound) (Lord's day)
- is to be found in no other place in the New Testament.
Kuriake' by itself became the designation
for Sunday in later Greek, and so is today. The Latin
equivalent - Dominica
dies, found in the Vulgate of Rev.
1:10, became the name for Sunday in ecclesiastical
Latin. This is the basis for the assumption that Sunday
is "the Lord's day" of Rev.
1:10. But it must be asked - Was this the
usage of the word at the time that John wrote the book
of Revelation? It is conceded that John wrote his Gospel
p 24 -- after the book of Revelation; and in
the Gospel, he refers to the day we designate as Sunday,
simply as "the first day of the week."
commentators have interpreted "the Lord's day"
1:10 as equivalent to the Old Testament -
"Day of the Lord" - conjecturing that John
was transported in vision into the scenes encompassed
by the coming Day of the Lord. This hardly conforms
to the context. The first thing John sees is Jesus in
the midst of the Lampstands ministering to His church
in this present age. (Rev.
1:11-13, 20) Further, John is specific as
to the place he was - "on the island called Patmos."
Then why not also the time, since he appears to be giving
the time and place of the vision. TOP
explanation of the expression - "Lord's day"
- is that this refers to an annual celebration of Christ's
resurrection, which was later called Easter. On this
basis for such an annual celebration might well be seen
in Paul's first letter to the Corinthians, where the
Lordship of Christ is especially emphasized. Was Paul
suggesting such a celebration when he wrote "For
Christ, our paschal lamb, has been sacrificed. Let us,
therefore, celebrate the festival" (1 Cor. 5:7.
8)? The fact that Christ arose on the day when the
offering of first fruits was presented by the Jews seems
to form the background of a later statement: "But
in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the first
fruits of those who have fallen asleep" (chap.
the final suggested interpretation of kuriake'
hemera (first e has long sound) is that this
is the Sabbath, the seventh day of the week. On this
position, Specht wrote:
if one interprets the phrase "the Lord's day"
according to the analogy of Scripture, a case can be
made for regarding it as a reference to the seventh-day
Sabbath. The Sabbath was set apart for sacred use at
Creation (Gen. 2:2.3). The intermediate agent
in that creation, according to several New Testament
passages, was the Lord Jesus Christ. The fourth of the
famous Ten Words describes the seventh day "as
a sabbath to the Lord your God" (Ex. 20:10ff.).
In the book of Isaiah God calls it "'my holy day'"
and "'the holy day of the Lord'" (Isa.
58:13). All three of the Synoptic Gospels quote
Jesus saying, "'The Son of man is lord even of
the sabbath'" (Mark 2:28; cf. Matt.12:8; Luke
if John means the Sabbath in Revelation 1:10, why should
he refer to it as "the Lord's day"? The book
of Revelation has as its background the conflict between
the "Lord Caesar" and the "Lord Christ."
Christians were facing persecution and the threat of
martyrdom because of their refusal to recognize Caesar
as lord. For them there
was but one Lord Jesus Christ (I Cor. 8:5. 6).
Deissmann has shown that there were special days devoted
to the Roman emperor. Would It not be appropriate under
such circumstances to exalt Jesus Christ as "the
ruler of the kings on earth" (Rev. 1:5).
and to refer to the Sabbath as the real "Lord's
final paragraph of this section reads:
conclusion, one may say that there is not sufficient
data given in the book of Revelation to be certain of
the correct interpretation of the phrase "the Lord's
day" in Revelation 1:10. The popular attempt
to equate it with Sunday does not rest on evidence supplied
by Scripture but upon postapostolic usage of the phrase,
long after John's time. The view that the phrase refers
to the eschatological day of judgment is doubtful. More
attention should be given to the possibility that the
phrase refers to an annual resurrection celebration.
And study could well be given to the idea that what
is meant is in reality the seventh-day Sabbath.
paragraph leaves the whole question in an unsettled
state which in turn presents some major problems. Two
concepts are set forth for study:
kuriake' hemera (first e has long sound) refers
to an annual celebration of Easter, or
it refers to the seventh day of the week.
If number 1, then there is only a single step
from an annual celebration to a weekly commemoration
of the same event.
#6 -- THE
25 -- Introduction
-- Whenever the question of the Sabbath is studied,
a question is raised concerning the Law of God. Certain
texts are cited (Ephesians 2:15; Colossians 2:14-17)
with the suggestion that the Law of God has been revoked,
and is therefore no longer binding on Christians. This
teaching is the result of failing to distinguish between
several groups of laws that are set forth in the Bible.
We, in this study, will confine ourselves to two laws
mentioned in the New Testament.
7:12 -- The law is holy, and the commandment
holy, and just and good. Hebrews 7:14-18 The
law of a carnal commandment ... weakness and unprofitableness
thereof. Hebrews 10:1 The law having a shadow
of good things to come ... can never with those sacrifices
which they offered.
comparing these verses it is evident that one law cannot
be holy and carnal. A holy law being good in itself
would not be a shadow of "good things to come."
By illustration, one cannot have a fully ripe apple
and a "green" apple all in one apple. It requires
two. So also in the matter concerning the law. Two laws
are required to meet the description of these texts.
-- I had not known sin, but by the, law, the
law had said, Thou shalt not covet. Wherefore the law
law that contains the commandment - "Thou shalt
not covet" - is the Ten Commandment law. This law
Paul declares to be holy.
32:16 -- And
the Lord said ... I will give thee ... a law, and commandments
which I have written. And He gave to Moses ... two ...
tables of stone, written with the finger of God. And
the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the
-- And thou shalt put into the ark, the testimony
which I shall give thee ... in the ark thou shalt put
repeated was the injunction to put the law in the ark,
the most sacred object of the Hebrew
sanctuary. Of no other portion of the entire Bible,
did God manifest such care for an accurate transmission,
and preservation as the Ten Commandments. He wrote them
with His own finger upon stone, spoke them with His
own lips from Mount Sinai (Exodus 20:1). and
had it placed in the most holy object on earth, which
in turn was housed in what was designated as "the
most holy place, " the center of His earthly dwelling.
(Exodus 25:8-9) TOP
-- The Ten Commandments
law forbids, idolatry, profanation, stealing, killing,
lying, adultery, and covetousness. It
requires respect of children for their parents, and
sets for the seventh day of every week
26 -- as
the "sabbath of the Lord thy God."
#3 -- THE
CODE OF MOSES
-- The Lord said unto Moses, Thus thou
shalt say . . .
-- And Moses wrote all the words.
24-26 -- Moses commanded ...
Take this book of the law, and put it in the side
of the ark ... for a witness.
the giving, writing, and disposition of this book of
the law of Moses, the contrast is clear and distinct
between it and the Ten Commandments. Let us note some
of the regulations this lesser code contained.
-- Three times thou Shalt keep a feast unto Me
in a year. Three times in a year all thy males shall
appear before the Lord God. Leviticus
23:6, 14 (Observe the eating regulations
connected with the time of the annual feasts.) Leviticus
23:24, 32 In the seventh month, in the first
day of the month, shall ye have a Sabbath. It shall
be unto you a Sabbath of rest ... in the ninth day of
Mosaic code regulated aspects of worship involved in
the special feast days, as to time, and what could and
what could not be eaten at those times. Some of these
appointed days were called sabbaths. These were, however,
the Sabbaths of the people in contrast with the seventh
day which was the Sabbath of the Lord. The summary of
the contrast is given by Moses in Leviticus 23:37,
38. Note carefully the words - "These
are the feasts of the Lord ... everything upon his day:
beside the Sabbaths of the Lord." TOP
#4 -- THE CONTRAST
-- Thou camest down ... upon Mt. Sinai ... and
gavest them ... Thy holy Sabbath, and commandest
them laws, by the hand of Moses.
in reporting this priestly chant classifies the sabbath
of the Lord with the law given by God directly, and
not with the code of Moses.
-- All that I have commanded ... and all that
my servant Moses commanded.
-- The Lord spake unto you, and He declared unto
you ... ten commandments. And the Lord commanded
me at that time to teach you statutes ... that ye might
do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it.
The Mosaic code was a statute of limitations to be done
only in the land of their possessions, while the Ten
commandments as given by God were not limited to any
locality, but were worldwide in application.
27 -- Summary
- The laws and ordinances which Paul stated were
nailed to the cross were the codes given to Israel to
be done only in the land of Canaan. In Christ, the gospel
message would go to all the world, and the center of
worship would no longer be a tent or a temple built
by men's hands, but the most holy place would be a man's
heart surrendered to the Lord Jesus Christ. Note carefully
#6 -- QUIZ
-- (Fill in the blanks)
-- Paul declares the law which says - "Thou shalt
not covet" to be ____.
-- This holy Law is also known as the ___ ____.
-- The Ten ____ were spoken by the ____ of God from
Mt. ____, and were _____ with the ____ of God upon
two tablets of stone.
-- God Himself commanded that this Law be placed in
the ____, which was the single article of furniture
in the most ____ place of the ____.
-- There is also another law in the Old Testament,
written by ____, and was commanded by ____, to be
placed in the side of the ark for a ____ - ____.
-- This Mosaic code was a statute of limitations,
because it was to be observed only in the ____ of
____. Deuteronomy ____:____.
-- The Mosaic code of laws contained days of worship
called ____, but these were the Sabbaths of the ____
in contrast to the seventh-day Sabbath, which was
the Sabbath of the ____.
8. -- Under the New Covenant, the Law of God
would be placed in the ____ and ___ of man, instead
of the ark in a sanctuary. TOP
FOR FURTHER STUDY
Old Covenant --
out of the experience at Mount Sinai:
1. -- God through Moses made Israel a special
(Ex. 19:3-6) [19:5
reads in the Hebrew - "If ye will surely
listen to My voice, ... "]
-- After hearing the voice of God from the midst of
the display of awful grandeur, Israel requested not
to hear that voice again.
-- God then spoke to them through Moses.
-- What was said
(Ex. 20:23 - 23:33) was written in a
-- This book was read in the hearing of all the people,
and a covenant ratified in blood was entered into
directly with the people.
-- This coven ant provided no means for forgiveness
if broken. (Ex.
-- Within 40 days, while Moses was in the Mount, it
(Ex. 24:18;32:1-6) TOP
-- The Ten Commandments as spoken on Mt. Sinai
were never made a part of this Old Covenant. Moses
did not receive the Law in writing till he was in
the mount during the 40 days.
(Ex. 24:18; 31:18)
-- The Sanctuary and its services were received by
Moses while in the Mount.
(Ex. 24:18; 25:8-9)
-- Developed out of the apostasy at Sinai:
-- The gravity of the situation was at once perceived
by Moses. (Ex.
-- A temporary tabernacle that served Israel was removed
from the camp. (Ex.
-- Moses entered into mediation with God.
(Ex. 32:30-32; 33:11-23)
-- A covenant was entered into between God and Moses
standing for the people.
(Ex. 34:10, 27) It was not ratified
by blood, except through the sanctuary services. The
knowledge, benefits, and blessings of this covenant
were always through a mediator. (Ex.
-- This was a type covenant, even as the sanctuary
and the priesthood were types. (Heb.
-- The Sabbath and the sanctuary were placed together
in commands to Israel.
(Ex. 35:1-5, 21) TOP
New Covenant -- Developed out of the Apostasy
-- God gave to Adam and Eve a commanded covenant
with no revealed plan for forgiveness. (Gen.
2:16-17) This was broken. (Hosea
6:7 margin) Adam hearkened unto another voice,
thus with Eve accepting another god. (Gen. 3:17,
-- There was an intervention. (Gen. 3:15; Rev.
13:8; Gen. 3:21)
-- The prophecy of Christ'
role in this Covenant is connected with the experience
at Mt. Sinai. (Deut.
-- Though veiled in flesh - a human voice - nevertheless
the voice of God. That Voice speaks from the glory of
the Cross. (I
Cor. 1:18; 22-24) It is no more acceptable
today than was the voice of God from the glory of Sinai
-- The understanding of these covenants is basic
to one's understanding of the analogies used in the
book of Hebrews: - the Two Houses
the Two Sanctuaries (Heb.
9); and the Two Priesthoods
Diagram see Appendix C.
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